Freefly ALTA 8 Manual

Sunday, August 13, 2017
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AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 770-0 0 0 4 8 | R E V I S I O N B | 0 1 . 1 6 . 2 0 1 7

REVISION HISTORY REVISION DATE DESCRIPTION A March 2016 Initial Release B January 2017 Added discussion of features available in SYNAPSE version 4.0.4. Added Kinematic Position Mode. Added Orbit Mode. Updated Alarm Light scenarios. Added procedure to disable ceiling and range limits. Updated Autoland descent rate. Updated default settings, switch functions, and data logging fields. General updates and typographical fixes. A LTA 8 A I R C R A F T F L I G H T M A N U A L D O C U M E N T N U M B E R : 7 7 0 - 0 00 4 8

CONTENTS 2 Revision History 3 Table of Contents 6 ALTA 8 OVERVIEW 7 Disclaimer and Warning 9 Limitation of Liability 10 Introduction 11 Symbols, Abbreviations, and Terminology 14 Dimensions 16 Included Items 17 Specifications 21 Limitations 23 System Diagrams 27 ALTA Mobile App 28 Additional Required Components (not included) 29 SETTING UP ALTA 8 30 Unfolding/Folding ALTA 8 33 Radio Installation 38 Radio Channel Mapping 44 Configuring for MōVI 46 Isolator Cartridges 47 Battery Installation 52 Compass Calibration 55 Propellers 57 First Person View (FPV) 64 Tuning ALTA 8 68 ALTA 8 Flight Parameters 72 Resetting ALTA 8 WiFi Password 73 OPERATING ALTA 8 74 Flight Controller Modes 79 Home Switch | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 3

80 Orbit Switch 81 Disarm Safety Switch 82 Status Light 84 Orientation Lights 85 Alarms 86 ALTA App Monitor 87 Data Logging 88 NORMAL PROCEDURES 89 Unpacking and Setup 90 Before Starting 92 Before Takeoff 94 After Every Flight 96 After Last Flight 97 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 98 Emergency Guidance 99 Alarm Indication (Flashing or Solid Red Light) 100 Pilot Loss of ALTA 8 Orientation 101 Unexpected Flight Controller Behavior 102 Battery Exhaustion 103 Radio Loss of Signal (LOS) 104 Loss of FPV Signal 105 PERFORMANCE 106 Weight / Endurance Performance Data 107 Allowable Gross Weight Gross Weight 108 MAINTAINING ALTA 8 109 General Information and Techniques 110 Maintenance Items 114 Firmware Update Process 115 Motor Alignment 118 Guidelines Following an Accident | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 4

119 TROUBLESHOOTING 124 APPENDIX 125 Appendix A. Default Tuning Values 126 Appendix B. Data Logging Fields | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 5

ALTA 8 OVERVIEW | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 6

DISCLAIMER AND WARNING IMPORTANT - Please read this disclaimer and warning carefully and review the ALTA 8 Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) prior to flight. If you have any questions, please contact [email protected] prior to using the ALTA 8. You can review the most current version of this AFM at www.freeflysystems.com/software-manuals/. By using ALTA 8, you acknowledge that you have read, understand and agree to this disclaimer. You agree that you are solely responsible for your conduct while using ALTA 8, and for any direct or indirect consequences that may result from its use. You agree to only use ALTA 8 for proper purposes that are in accordance with local and airspace rules and regulations. »» ALTA 8 is not a toy and should be operated with extreme care, as improper operation can cause damage to property, serious personal injury or death. »» As with any multi-rotor aircraft, ALTA 8 is a complex and technical machine. Novice pilots should invest sufficient time on a flight simulator and seek training from an experienced pilot prior to operation. The ALTA 8 Aircraft Flight Manual and a flight simulator are no substitute for training with an experienced pilot, particularly when it comes to learning how to safely operate ALTA 8. Novice pilots should never fly without the supervision of an experienced pilot. »» Always check ALTA 8 and its components prior to operation. »» Always maintain a safe distance from ALTA 8 when in use. »» Never attempt to touch ALTA 8 when the propellers are moving. »» Never fly ALTA 8 over or around people, power lines or other aircraft. »» Never fly with any propellers that have visible imperfections or damage. »» Always keep children and animals a safe distance away from ALTA 8 when in use and when changing configurations. »» Only use propellers supplied by Freefly Systems that are designed for use on ALTA 8. »» Always remove the propellers or power ALTA 8 using a low power source when making a change to the configuration of ALTA 8 to prevent propeller strikes in the event of unintentional motor starts. »» Always remove the configuration jumper when making changes to the configuration of ALTA 8. »» Always test ALTA 8 with the propellers removed to make sure that the motors are spinning in the correct direction and that the motor assignment is correct with respect to the Synapse flight controller. If you have either of these wrong, the ALTA 8 will be uncontrollable and dangerous. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 7

»» It is your responsibility to perform a full system check of ALTA 8 prior to every flight. »» It is your responsibility to learn how to safely operate ALTA 8 and to adhere to all applicable rules and regulations. »» Fly at your own risk. »» ALTA 8 is a tuned system with custom components selected for each application. Modification to, removal, or substitution of ALTA 8 components will void the warranty and can lead to unsafe operating conditions. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 8

LIMITATION OF LIABILITY IN NO EVENT SHALL FREEFLY BE LIABLE TO BUYER FOR ANY INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE, INCIDENTAL, OR SPECIAL DAMAGES, OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM THE USE OF ALTA OR FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS (HOWEVER CAUSED AND UNDER ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY), EVEN IF FREEFLY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. IN NO EVENT SHALL FREEFLY’S LIABILITY FOR A PRODUCT (WHETHER ASSERTED AS A TORT CLAIM, A CONTRACT CLAIM OR OTHERWISE) EXCEED THE AMOUNTS PAID TO FREEFLY FOR SUCH PRODUCT. NOTWITHSTANDING ANYTHING HEREIN, IN NO EVENT SHALL FREEFLY’S LIABILITY FOR ALL CLAIMS ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT EXCEED THE AMOUNTS PAID BY BUYER TO FREEFLY FOR PRODUCT IN THE LAST TWELVE (12) MONTHS. IN NO EVENT WILL FREEFLY BE LIABLE FOR COSTS OF PROCUREMENT OR SUBSTITUTE GOODS BY BUYER. THE LIMITATIONS SET FORTH HEREIN SHALL APPLY TO ALL LIABILITIES THAT MAY ARISE OUT OF THIRD-PARTY CLAIMS AGAINST BUYER. THESE LIMITATIONS SHALL APPLY NOTWITHSTANDING ANY FAILURE OF ESSENTIAL PURPOSE OF ANY LIMITED REMEDY. Freefly shall not be liable for damages or injuries incurred directly or indirectly from the use of ALTA 8 including, but not limited to, the following situations: »» Failure of operator to follow proper instructions and safety warnings found at www.freeflysystems.com. »» Failure of the operator to understand and operate the aircraft within the operating limitations described in this manual. »» Failure of the operator to follow onboard safety warnings while using ALTA 8. »» Failure of the operator to follow and comply with local rules and regulations. »» Failure of the operator to inspect ALTA 8 and its components prior to operation. »» Failure of the operator to properly maintain and/or service ALTA 8 through an authorized Freefly Service Center with genuine ALTA 8 parts. »» Use of third-party products on ALTA 8. »» Use of ALTA 8 in a physically or mentally impaired capacity. »» Use of ALTA 8 without sufficient training. »» Use of ALTA 8 in unsafe conditions, including but not limited to, bad or severe weather, such as rain, wind, snow, lightning, dust storms, etc., or in areas of magnetic or radio interference, such as power stations, broadcasting and cell phone towers, government prohibited airspace, etc. »» Improper operation, misjudgment or risky behavior while using ALTA 8. »» Infringement of third party data, audio, or video rights recorded when using ALTA 8. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 9

INTRODUCTION ALTA 8 is a professional multi-rotor aircraft designed for demanding cinematic, television, and photographic applications. Within five minutes, ALTA 8 can unfold from its carrying case to flying some of the most capable cinema cameras on either the top or bottom of the aircraft. The SYNAPSE flight controller is purpose-built for cinema use, yielding precise yet smooth control. This Aircraft Flight Manual has been prepared to describe the complete operation of airframe and flight control systems, and the normal maintenance of those items. Do not operate ALTA 8 without reading and understanding this manual. This manual is not a substitute for adequate flight training. Training requirements can vary when operating in different countries or under different flight conditions. Always consult local regulations before flying ALTA 8. In areas where there are no flight training requirements, it is the sole determination of the pilot-in-command as to whether he or she has the appropriate level of training or experience for a given flight. Always set and adhere to personal minimums and fly within your own capabilities. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 10

SYMBOLS, ABBREVIATIONS, AND TERMINOLOGY WARNINGS, CAUTIONS AND NOTES Throughout the manual, warnings, cautions and notes are used to highlight various important procedures. These are defined as follows: WARNING CAUTION NOTE Warnings are used to highlight proce- Cautions are used to highlight proce- Notes are used to highlight specific dures which, if not strictly observed, dures which, if not strictly observed, operating conditions or steps of a may result in personal injury or loss may cause damage to equipment. procedure. of life. METEOROLOGICAL TERMINOLOGY ISA International Standard Atmosphere in which: The air is a dry, perfect gas; The temperature at sea level is 15° Celsius (59° Fahrenheit); The pressure at sea level is 1013.2 mbar (29.92 inches Hg); The temperature gradient from sea level to the altitude at which the temperature is -56.5°C (-69.7°F) is -0.00198°C (-0.003564°F) per foot and zero above that altitude MSL Mean Sea Level is the average height above the surface of the sea for all stages of tide AGL Above Ground Level is the height of the aircraft above the ground OAT Outside Air Temperature is the free air static temperature surrounding the aircraft | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 11

Pressure Altitude Altitude measured from standard sea level pressure (1013.2 mbar, 29.92 in. Hg) by a pressure or barometric altimeter It is the indicated pressure altitude corrected for position and instrument error. In this Manual, altimeter instrument errors are assumed to be zero POWER TERMINOLOGY Maximum Continuous The maximum typical power output of a Power Output motor averaged over the entire flight Maximum Instantaneous The maximum power output of a motor during Peak Power Output any phase of flight, such as when maneuvering FLIGHT AND POWERPLANT CONTROL Throttle Stick The radio controller stick responsible for throttle control. For Mode 2 controllers, this is the vertical movement of the left control stick. For Mode 1 controllers, this is the vertical movement of the right control stick Yaw Stick The radio controller stick responsible for yaw (also called pan) control For Mode 2 and Mode 1 controllers, this is the lateral movement of the left control stick Pitch Stick The radio controller stick responsible for pitch control. For Mode 2 controllers, this is the vertical movement of the right stick For Mode 1 controllers, this is the vertical movement of the left stick Roll Stick The radio controller stick responsible for roll control. For Mode 2 and Mode 1 controllers, this is the lateral movement of the right control stick Pitch/Roll Stick The radio control stick responsible or Cyclic Stick for both pitch and roll control For Mode 2 controllers, this is the right stick | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 12

WEIGHT AND BALANCE Maximum Takeoff Maximum allowable weight at liftoff Weight (MTOW) Standard Empty Weight Weight of a standard aircraft Basic Empty Weight Standard empty weight plus optional equipment Useful Load Difference between take off weight and basic empty weight Payload Useful load less battery weight GENERAL TERMINOLOGY LOS Loss of Signal RTH Return-to-Home sUAS Small Unmanned Aircraft System includes all components of the system required for the flight of an unmanned aircraft, including the radio controller, data link and other related support equipment | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 13

8 1 DIMENSIONS 7 2 172 0 6 (67. 7) 132 3 5 (52. 5 1) 4 8 1 457 7 (18.0) 2 172 0 6 (67. 7) 132 220 5 3 (8.6) (52. 1) 5 8 1325 4 (52.1)1 457 7 (18.0) 2 U N FO L D E D P L A N V I E W W I T H B O O M N U M B E R I N G S C H E M E M M ( I N C H ) 6 360 3 220 (14.1) (8.6) 5 4 1325 220 (52.1) (8.6) 457 (18.0) U N FO L D E D S I D E V I E W W I T H L A N D I N G G E A R M M ( I N C H ) 360 220 (8.6) (14.1) 1325 (52.1) 220 (8.6) U N FO L D E D F R O N T V I E W W I T H O U T L A N D I N G G E A R M M ( I N C H ) | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 14

660 615 (25.9) (24.2) 250 (9.8) FO L D E D S I D E V I E W M M ( I N C H ) 615 (24.2) 260 (10.2) 660 (25.9) 250 (9.8) FO L D E D P L A N V I E W M M ( I N C H ) 260 (10.2) 615 (24.2) FO L D E D F R O N T V I E W M M ( I N C H ) | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 15

INCLUDED ITEMS 1. Case 10. FP V Cables 2. ALTA 8 a. Skyzone/BOSCAM 3. Case Lid Foam b. BOSCAM, small connector 4. Isolator Cartridges c. ImmersionRC/Fat Shark a. (6) Teal (Installed) d. Ready Made RC b. (6) Black 11. (2) M3 × 6 Flat Head for Accessory Mount c. (6) Red 12. Quick Release Battery Tray 5. Documentation 13. 5.5mm Wrench 6. Electronic Luggage Scale 14. Hex Drivers (1.5mm, 2.0mm, 2.5mm) 7. USB-Futaba Power Cable 15. Accessory Mount 8. Inverted Landing Gear 16. Double-Sided Tape 9. Antenna Tubes | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 16

SPECIFICATIONS DIMENSIONS Unfolded Diameter 1325 mm (does not include Props) Folded Diameter 660 mm (does not include Props) Height to base of Toad In The Hole (TITH) 263 mm POWERPLANT Number of Motors 8 Motor Type Direct Drive 3-Phase PMAC Outrunner Motor Make and Model Freefly F45 Motor Max Continuous Power Output 350 W Motor Max Instantaneous 950 W Peak Power Output Maximum RPM (flat rated) 6300 RPM Equivalent Kv 384 Electronic Speed Controller Freefly Silent-Drive Sine Wave ESC PROPELLERS Make and Model Freefly ALTA Propeller Material Carbon fiber with balsa core Propeller Orientation (4) CW and (4) CCW Props Propeller Type 18 × 6 Folding BATTERY Nominal Battery Voltage 6S / 22.2V Maximum Battery Size (GroundView) 240 × 175 × 80 mm Maximum Battery Size (SkyView) 220 x 156 x 64 mm Maximum Battery Quantity 2 Battery Packs (Parallel) Minimum Battery Quantity 2 Battery Packs (Parallel) Battery Connectors 2× EC5 (Parallel) Required Minimum Battery 250A / 500A Peak Discharge Rating (Per Pack) | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 17

WEIGHTS Maximum Gross for Takeoff1 18.1 kg (40.0 lbs) Maximum Useful Load 2 12.0 kg (26.4 lbs) Maximum Payload 3 9.1 kg (20.0 lbs) Typical Standard Empty Weight: 6.2 kg (13.6 lbs) WA R N I N G Always refer to the following aircraft limitations section for complete information on allowable maximum gross weights at different altitudes and temperatures before any flight. SPECIFIC LOADINGS Typical Specific Power4 145 W/kg Thrust Ratio at MTOW1 1.85 : 1 1 At sea level, ISA. Refer to the Weight Limitations section for complete loading information. 2 Top and bottom mount. Includes batteries. 3 Payload weight top or bottom mount. Battery weight not included and mounted on opposite side from payload. 4 At MTOW, sea level, ISA. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 18

FLIGHT CONTROLLER Model Name Freefly SYNAPSE flight controller Flight Modes Manual, Height Mode, Position Mode (Classic, Kinematic), Return-to-Home (RTH), Autoland, Orbit Mode Supported Inputs: DSMX, DSM2, S.Bus, S.Bus2, PPM, FPV SD Supported Radios Futaba S.Bus & S.Bus2, DSMX, DSM2 (Spektrum/JR), PPM, PPM Invert, PPM Graupner Supported Radio Controller Futaba w/ built-in voltage sense port Telemetry Systems Minimum Radio Controller 5 Channels Required Supported GNSS GPS, GLONASS, Galileo Supported SBAS QZSS, WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS First-Person View System NTSC, PAL Video Formats Supported First-Person Skyzone, BOSCAM, View Transmitters ImmersionRC, Fat Shark Supported First-Person View Cameras Ready Made RC (RMRC-700XVN Recommended) First-Person View OSD Telemetry User Configurable Installed Transceivers Wi-Fi 2.4 GHz b/g/n Data Logging Rate 25 Hz LIGHTING AND INDICATION Status Light 1 Watt Red, 1 Watt White LED Orientation Lights 3-Watt RGB LED Orientation Light Color Options Red, Yellow, Blue, Purple, Green, White, Off ISOLATION SYSTEM Vibration Isolation System O-Rings Option 1: Soft / Light Payloads Red O-Rings Option 2: Medium / Medium Payloads Teal O-Rings Option 3: Stiff / Heavy Payloads Black O-Rings | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 19

PAYLOAD MOUNTING Mounting Locations Bottom and Top Mount Mounting System Freefly Toad In The Hole (TITH) Quick Release FPV Camera Mount Between Booms 8 & 1 FPV Transmitter Mount Boom 2 | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 20

LIMITATIONS N OT E These limitations are advisory in nature and do not extend or restrict limitations provided by Governing Aviation Authorities. POWERPLANT LIMITATIONS Maximum RPM 6300 RPM Maximum Battery Voltage 25.2 Volts Minimum Average Battery Voltage 19.2 Volts ENVIRONMENTAL LIMITATIONS Do not fly ALTA 8 in temperatures exceeding 45ºC (113ºF) or below -20ºC(-4ºF).5 FLIGHT CONTROLLER LIMITS Maximum Pitch/Roll Angle 45° Maximum Yaw Rate 150° / second 5 Battery temperature ratings must be observed. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 21

ALTA 8 ALLOWABLE GROSS WEIGHT As altitude and temperature increase, the density of the air decreases. Consequently, ALTA 8’s thrust will decrease. The following table describes maximum gross weight limits with respect to altitude and temperature. 0ºC (32ºF) 10ºC (50ºF) 20ºC (68ºF) 30ºC (86ºF) 40ºC (104ºF) WEIGHT LIMITS Maximum Payload Press Alt Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Maximum Takeoff Weight (lb) (kg) (lb) (kg) (lb) (kg) (lb) (kg) (lb) (kg) Sea Level 40.0 18.1 40.0 18.1 39.3 17.8 38.0 17.2 36.8 16.7 305m (1000ft) 40.0 18.1 39.3 17.8 37.9 17.2 36.7 16.6 35.5 16.1 610m (2000ft) 39.2 17.8 37.8 17.2 36.6 16.6 35.4 16.0 34.2 15.5 | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 914m (3000ft) 37.8 17.2 36.5 16.5 35.2 16.0 34.1 15.5 33.0 15.0 1219m (4000ft) 36.4 16.5 35.2 15.9 34.0 15.4 32.8 14.9 31.8 14.4 1524m (5000ft) 35.1 15.9 33.9 15.4 32.7 14.8 31.6 14.3 30.6 13.9 1829m (6000ft) 33.8 15.3 32.6 14.8 31.5 14.3 30.5 13.8 29.5 13.4 2134m (7000ft) 32.6 14.8 31.4 14.2 30.3 13.8 29.3 13.3 28.4 12.9 2438m (8000ft) 31.3 14.2 30.2 13.7 29.2 13.2 28.2 12.8 27.3 12.4 2743m (9000ft) 30.2 13.7 29.1 13.2 28.1 12.7 27.2 12.3 26.3 11.9 3048m (10000ft) 29.0 13.2 28.0 12.7 27.0 12.3 26.1 11.9 25.3 11.5 See following table 9.1 kg (20.0 lbs) 22

SYSTEM DIAGRAMS sUAS OVERVIEW GPS Satellite HD Video Link, Preview Monitor* ALTA App FPV Rx, Preview Monitor* Radio Controller* *NOT INCLUDED 2.4GHz MōVI Controller* | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 23

FLIGHT CONTROL ESC ESC 8 1 ESC 2 M PW N CA A. SYNAPSE A. Spektrum Receiver Flight DSMX, DSM 2 B. Controller B. Futaba Receiver or Generic Receiver S.BUS, S.BUS 2 or PPM ESC Status 3 Light 8 Position Lights ESC ESC 5 4 | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 24

POWER SYSTEM Motor Motor Lights 8 Lights 1 M SYNAPSE A Flight Motor C Fu V Motor Controller ta P Lights 2 F ba Lights 7 Te l. Tx V P F RECIEVER RECIEVER FUSE FUSE Motor Motor Lights 3 Lights 6 12v 5v 5v R E G U L AT O R S EC5 Connector Motor Motor Lights 5 Lights 4 Note: Do not modify, augment, or add components to the electrical power system of the ALTA. Unauthorized modifications may result in unsafe operation. Flight Flight Battery Battery | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 25

FPV EQUIPMENT FPV Camera (optional) 8 1 FPV Camera Cable FPV Tx (optional) 2 FPV Camera Lead Pre-installed SYNAPSE FPV Tx Cable Flight Boscam/Skyzone or Fat Shark/ImmersionRC Controller FPV Tx Lead Pre-installed 3 5 4 | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 26

ALTA MOBILE APP The ALTA App is used to configure ALTA 8 parameters, update ALTA 8 firmware, and to monitor ALTA 8’s status during flight. To download the ALTA App, search for “Freefly ALTA” in the App Store or on Google Play™. Parameters may only be adjusted while ALTA 8 is on the ground and disarmed. In addition, radio mapping parameters can only be adjusted when the Configuration Jumper is removed. For more information on radio mapping, see the Radio Mapping section of this manual. The ALTA App will be actively maintained, and additional functionality may be added over time. For information on individual app updates, refer to the App release notes. N OT E When making configuration changes with the ALTA App, wait three seconds for the app to automatically save changes to ALTA 8 before shutting off the app or the mobile device. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 27

ADDITIONAL REQUIRED COMPONENTS (NOT INCLUDED) RADIO CONTROLLER ALTA 8 supports a variety of radio controllers as outlined in the Flight Controller Specifications. A minimum of five (5) channels are required, with four (4) used for flight control, and the remaining one (1) used for mode selection. However, a radio controller with at least 10 channels is highly recommended to make use of Velocity and Climb Rate Clamps, Return-to-Home (RTH), Disarm Safety, and Orbit Mode functions. It is recommended to use a radio controller with a three way switch for the Mode, Home, and Orbit functions, a two or three way switch for the disarm safety function, and a knob or slider input for both the Velocity and Climb Rate Clamp functions. FLIGHT BATTERY ALTA 8 can accommodate a variety of Lithium Polymer (LiPo) flight battery packs. Battery packs must be 6S, having a nominal voltage of 22.2 V. Only run ALTA 8 using two packs at a time. Each pack must have a continuous discharge rating of 250 amps or greater, and a peak discharge rating of 500 amps or greater. For additional information on expected flight durations, refer to the Performance Section of this manual. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 28

SETTING UP ALTA 8 | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 29

UNFOLDING ALTA 8 ALTA 8 features swan-neck booms that fold into a compact size for travel. They are secured in an open position for flight using over- center latches. TO UNFOLD ALTA 8 1. Remove ALTA 8 from case 2. Fold down all eight boom retention clips 3. Open ALTA 8 booms. ALTA 8 can become unbalanced and tip over while unfolding booms individually, so unfold opposite boom pairs simultaneously to keep balance. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 30

4. Snap shut all eight boom latches until they click and latch 5. Visually confirm all latches are seated properly 6. Remove prop protectors | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 31

TO FOLD ALTA 8 1. Secure props with prop protectors 2. Unlatch all eight booms 3. Close ALTA 8 booms in opposing pairs to keep balance 4. Fold up all eight boom retention clips to secure booms | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 32

RADIO INSTALLATION RADIO CONTROLLER RECEIVER ALTA 8 requires the installation of a radio control system. S.Bus, S.Bus2, DSM2, DSMX, and PPM (including inverted PPM and Graupner) receiver types are supported. Some of ALTA 8 emergency control modes (Return-to-Home and Autoland) may vary depending on the type of radio. Refer to the Flight Controller Modes section of this manual for additional detail. Additionally, ALTA 8 supports radio receiver diversity using S.Bus, S.Bus2, DSM2 and DSMX receivers. This means two receivers may be installed, and the SYNAPSE flight controller will automatically use the receiver with the best signal quality. Using two receivers requires the radio controller to be bound to both receivers. Refer to the instructions provided with your radio controller to complete the binding process. For Spektrum/JR radios, a receiver is required to bind the satellites to a radio controller. FOR FUTABA AND PPM RECEIVERS 1. Locate the noted closeout panels used for receiver installation (between booms 2 & 3 and 6 & 7). PPM and Graupner receivers can only use the position between booms 2 & 3. 2. Remove side closeout panel with radio wires using a 2.0mm hex driver | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 33

3. Plug signal wire into receiver 4. If using telemetry, plug the telemetry wire located in the closeout between booms 2 & 3 into the primary receiver (refer to the Voltage Telemetry section) 5. Feed receiver antenna into lower antenna tube 6. Secure receiver using the provided double sided tape to inside of receiver housing 7. Reattach closeout panel | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 34

8. Route antenna wires into the two antenna tubes below ALTA 8 chassis 9. Repeat installation process for dual receivers (if applicable) FOR SPEKTRUM/JR: 1. Locate the noted closeout panels used for Spektrum/JR receiver installation (between booms 3 & 4 and 7 & 8) 2. Remove side closeout panel using a 2.0mm hex driver 3. Feed signal cable through panel grommet | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 35

4. Reattach closeout panel 5. Plug in receiver/satellite into signal cable 6. Attach receiver/satellite to exterior using double sided tape 7. Repeat steps 1-6 for dual receivers (if applicable) | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 36

VOLTAGE TELEMETRY ALTA 8 supports battery voltage telemetry on Futaba radios using a receiver that supports an external voltage sensor, such as the R7008SB. Installing the telemetry wire is easiest when initially installing the receiver. To set up ALTA 8 with voltage telemetry for Futaba radios: 1. Remove the closeout panel between booms 2 and 3 with a 2.0mm hex driver and locate the radio receiver wire bundle 2. Identify the voltage sense wire and connector in the bundle. It is the small, 2-pin connector attached to a black and red wire pair. N OT E This wire is already connected to an in-line fuse. Soldering a fuse into this wire is not required. 3. Connect the cable to the voltage sense port on the primary Futaba receiver 4. Reattach the closeout panel | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 37

RADIO CHANNEL MAPPING ALTA 8 can be used with a variety of radio controllers. Different radio controllers can map functions to different channels, so properly mapping controller channels to ALTA 8 functions is an important step before flying. Radio channel mapping is performed using the ALTA App. This section describes the steps required to complete radio channel mapping. If you are uncertain about your radio channel mapping, obtain assistance from an experienced pilot or from Freefly Customer Support. CONFIGURATION JUMPER A small jumper is used to prevent motor operation while configuring radio channel mapping parameters. With the jumper in place, the motors may operate, but radio channel mapping is prevented. With the jumper removed, radio channel mapping may take place, but motor operation is prevented. To remove or replace the Configuration Jumper: 1. Locate the closeout panel between booms 5 and 6 where the jumper is installed 2. Remove the closeout panel using a 2.0mm hex driver | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 38

3. Remove or replace the jumper as needed 4. Reattach the closeout panel MAPPING RADIO CHANNELS USING ALTA APP Radio channel mapping is accomplished with the ALTA App. Prior to mapping channels, ensure your radio controller and receivers are properly installed. Refer to the Radio Installation section of this manual and your radio controller’s documentation. 1. Remove the Configuration Jumper WA R N I N G Always ensure the Configuration Jumper is removed prior to adjusting radio settings to prevent unintentional motor starts. 2. Power ALTA 8 using a battery pack or by plugging in the included USB-Futaba cable into an available port on a Futaba receiver 3. Open the ALTA App and connect to ALTA 8 4. Open Configurations > Radio 5. Open each ALTA 8 function and adjust the channel to the desired channel number. Use the toggle in the App to invert the control orientation as needed. 6. Ensure proper radio channel mapping by moving the control input on the radio controller and verifying the displayed graph in the ALTA App responds as-expected WA R N I N G Incorrect channel mapping can lead to immediate loss of control. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 39

ONCE CHANNELS ARE MAPPED 7. Remove the battery or USB-Futaba cable from ALTA 8 8. Replace the Configuration Jumper FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS The following functions can be mapped to radio controller channels. These are found in the Radio section of the Configurations menu in the ALTA App. Each function is also represented by a chart that responds to control input allowing for quick verification of mapping settings. CONTROLLER Use this to select the appropriate receiver. The following guide is compiled for convenience. For complete specifications and which mode will work with your receiver, refer to your radio controller or receiver manuals. »» DSM2/DSMX are typically used by Spektrum and some JR controllers. »» SBUS is typically used by Futaba controllers. »» PPM is a generic standard used by many controllers and receivers. »» PPM Invert is the same as PPM except channel inputs are reversed. »» PPM Graupner interprets Graupner radio PPM inputs. PITCH/ROLL/YAW/THROTTLE The Pitch, Roll, Yaw and Throttle controls are the basic flight controls and are mapped to the two radio controller sticks. MODE The required Mode Switch selects between the three different flight modes: Manual, Height, and Position. A three-position switch is recommended to select the three different modes. However, a two-position switch may be used, but will only allow for selecting between Manual Mode and (depending on radio controller mixes) either Position Mode or Height Mode HOME SWITCH The optional Home Switch selects between the different Return-to-Home (RTH) functions. A three-position switch is required for the Home Switch functions to select between the Set New Home Position, RTH Off, and initiate RTH functions. VELOCITY AND CLIMB RATE CLAMP Velocity and Climb Rate Clamps set the maximum ground speed or vertical speed available in Height Mode and Position Mode. The clamps can be adjusted mid-flight. An analog dial or slider is recommended for the Velocity and Climb Rate Clamp Functions. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 40

DISARM SAFETY The Disarm Safety Switch aids in preventing accidental motor disarming while the ALTA is in flight and in manual mode. It may be mapped to either a two-position or three-position switch. To set up the Disarm Safety Switch, refer to the Mapping Channels section of the ALTA Aircraft Flight Manual. ORBIT MODE The optional Orbit Switch selects between the different Orbit Mode functions. A three position switch is required to select between the Set Orbit Center, Orbit Off, and Orbit On functions. ALL FUNCTIONS The meaning of the direction or position of the indicator is described in the following table for all mappable parameters. The top and right positions on the radio mapping indicators represent 2000µs, and the bottom and left positions represent 1000µs, and the middle position represents 1500µs. IN-APP F U N CT I O N I N D I CATO R I N D I CAT E S POSITION Top Nose Up Pitch Bottom Nose Down Left Roll Left Roll Right Roll Right Left Nose Left Yaw Right Nose Right Top High Throttle Throttle Bottom Low Throttle Top Position Mode Middle Height Bottom Manual Top Set New Home Position Home Middle RTH Off Bottom Initiate RTH Top Fast Velocity Clamp Bottom Slow Climb Rate Top Fast Clamp Bottom Slow | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 41

Top On - Disarming Not Possible Disarm Safety Middle & Off - Disarming Possible Bottom Top Orbit On Orbit Middle Orbit Off Bottom Set Orbit Center Point | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 42

TYPICAL CHANNEL MAPPINGS The following radio channel mapping configurations are recommendations only and can be set in the ALTA App. Depending on exact radio models, these may help as an initial configuration. However, it is up to the pilot setting up ALTA 8 for flight to determine if these settings are appropriate. FUTABA 14SG/8FG F U N CT I O N CHANNEL NUMBER D I R E CT I O N Pitch 2 Normal Roll 1 Normal Yaw 4 Normal Throttle 3 Reverse Mode Switch 5 Normal Home Switch 6 Reverse Disarm Safety 9 Reverse Velocity Clamp 8 Reverse Climb Rate Clamp 7 Reverse Orbit Switch 10 Normal SPEKTRUM DX18 F U N CT I O N CHANNEL NUMBER D I R E CT I O N Pitch 3 Reverse Roll 2 Reverse Yaw 4 Reverse Throttle 1 Normal Mode Switch 6 Reverse Home Switch 7 Normal Disarm Safety 8 Normal Velocity Clamp 10 Normal Climb Rate Clamp 9 Normal Orbit Switch 5 Normal | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 43

CONFIGURING FOR MōVI A MōVI can be attached to either the top or bottom of ALTA 8 via the Freefly Toad In The Hole (TITH) quick release. ALTA 8 comes pre-configured for GroundView mounting a MōVI. GROUNDVIEW 1. Prepare your MōVI for GroundView flight (see MōVI manual) a. Attach landing gear b. Install TITH receiver on MōVI 2. Connect MōVI to bottom Toad SKYVIEW CA U T I O N Top mounting is not supported by the MōVI M10 without the keyed pan tube upgrade kit. If you are unsure whether your M10 has the upgrade kit, contact Freefly Customer Support for additional info. 1. Prepare your MōVI for SkyView flight a. Remove landing gear (see MōVI manual) b. Install TITH receiver on MōVI (see MōVI manual) | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 44

2. Connect and secure the supplied inverted landing gear to the bottom Toad 3. Remove Battery Mount Quick Release 4. Connect MōVI to top Toad | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 45

ISOLATOR CARTRIDGES Different Isolator Cartridges can be used to fine tune vibration damping performance for different payload weights or ambient temperatures. Three isolation cartridge styles are provided with ALTA 8. The cartridges have o-rings colored red for light payloads or cold ambient temperature, teal for medium payloads or typical ambient temperature, and black for heavy payloads or hot ambient temperature. Flight testing may be required to determine the optimal isolator for a given setup. To install, place the cartridges between the top chassis plate and the battery plate. Ensure they are engaged in the track features and are parallel with the chassis and battery plate. Push inwards fully until they click, indicating the cartridges are locked in place. Pull outwards on the cartridge to ensure it is locked in place. CA U T I O N Always ensure isolator cartridges are locked in place before flying ALTA 8. Isolator cartridges that are not locked can cause the payload to loosen and change ALTA 8’s fundamental flying characteristics. To remove, pinch the cartridge latch to unlock it from the battery and chassis plate, and slide it outwards to disengage. Simultaneously pull the battery and chassis plate apart while pulling the cartridge outward. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 46

BATTERY INSTALLATION Batteries may be installed on either the top or bottom of an ALTA 8 and are always mounted opposite of the payload location. In both locations, battery packs are secured with silicone straps tensioned across the packs. The straps are secured using studs located on either side of the packs. WA R N I N G Always secure battery packs with both battery retention straps. CA U T I O N Ensure both battery packs are at a similar state of charge (a full pack voltage difference less than 0.5V) prior to connecting them to ALTA 8. Plugging in two dissimilarly charged packs could cause one pack to rapidly discharge into the other and damage the batteries or cause a battery fire. CA U T I O N Only use packs that are identical in their capacity and at a similar condition. Using a pack with another that is larger, or has many more charge/discharge cycles, can damage the battery packs. CA U T I O N Always refer to and follow the battery manufacturer’s instructions, recommendations and guidelines for battery handling. CA U T I O N When plugging in battery packs, ensure the polarity is correct. Positive is indicated by a red power lead, and negative/ground is indicated by a black power lead. Reversing polarity will damage ALTA 8’s electronics. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 47

GROUNDVIEW 1. Place battery retention strap studs at the appropriate height to hold the battery packs firmly in position 2. Adjust battery stops to fit battery packs 3. Attach the single-hole end of the battery retention straps to the studs | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 48

4. Place battery packs on the battery tray CA U T I O N Do not install batteries directly on the lower battery tray if a Toad adapter is also installed. Either remove the Toad adapter or use the Quick Release Battery Tray. 5. Tension and secure battery retention straps | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 49

SKYVIEW CA U T I O N Always completely secure the inverted landing gear by closing the TITH quick release lever. Inverted landing gear that are not completely attached can rotate and unplug battery leads. 1. Pinch the battery tray handles and slide to remove it from landing gear 2. Attach the single-hole ends of the battery retention straps to the studs on the battery tray 3. Place battery packs onto battery tray | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 50

4. Tension and secure battery retention straps 5. Slide tray with battery packs back into landing gear until the tray latches in place 6. Ensure tray and battery packs are secure | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 51

COMPASS CALIBRATION ALTA 8 features a highly sensitive 3-axis magnetometer that measures the earth’s magnetic field to infer heading. Occasionally, the compass will require calibration, especially when traveling between different geographic locations. For best results, it is recommended to perform manual compass calibrations away from ferrous objects, buildings and vehicles. In addition, concrete can contain steel rebar which may influence compass calibrations. WA R N I N G Verify ALTA 8 is disarmed prior to performing a compass calibration. To ensure ALTA 8 does not arm, remove the Configuration Jumper, set the mode switch to Height or Position, or set the home switch to Set New Home Position. N OT E Ensure a microSD card is installed in the GPS/compass module prior to performing compass calibration. N OT E Perform calibration without a payload attached. It is recommended to use two people to perform the compass calibration as it requires handling and rotating ALTA 8. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 52

TO PERFORM A COMPASS CALIBRATION: 1. Secure a battery onto ALTA 8 2. Plug in the battery 3. Open the ALTA App 4. Select Configurations > More > Compass RO L L +360º R OLL+180º ROLL+360º 5. Under Calibration, select Start Manual (YAW +90º) R OLL+180º 6. Perform the following steps: 1. Face North, Pitch +180º 2. Pitch -360º Boom 1 Boom 1 Boom 1 Boom 1 Boom 1 Boom 1 3. Pitch +180º 4. Face East (Yaw 90º) Boom 1 Boom 1 1 Boom 1 Boom Boom 1 Boom11 5. Roll +180º 6. Roll -360º om 1 Boom 1 Boom 1 Boom 1 Boom 1 Boom 1 | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 53

AUTOMATIC COMPASS CALIBRATION Automatic Compass Calibration will use compass readings over time to resolve an accurate compass calibration. Manual calibration is recommended when moving to a new location and an accurate compass calibration is needed immediately for using Position Mode. In the ALTA App, select Configurations > More > Compass. Change the Auto Calibration setting to On. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 54

PROPELLERS The folding propellers include two balanced carbon fiber propeller blades attached to propeller hubs, which are themselves secured to the motors. The propellers installed on booms 1, 3, 5, and 7 spin clockwise when viewed from above ALTA 8, and the propellers installed on booms 2, 4, 6, and 8 spin counterclockwise when viewed from above. For information on propeller installation and maintenance, refer to the Maintenance section of this manual. CA U T I O N Only use propellers supplied by Freefly on ALTA 8. Use of third-party propellers can cause motor instability, overheating, and failure. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 55

CHECKING PROPELLER BOLT TIGHTNESS Over time, the bolts that hold the propeller blades to the propeller hub can loosen due to vibration. To check propeller bolt tightness, twist the propeller about its length. If there is free play, the propeller bolt is too loose. Use the provided 2.5mm hex driver and wrench to tighten the bolt and nut that secure the propeller blade just enough to remove the play. CA U T I O N Do not overtighten, or the propeller may fail to unfold completely during motor start up, leading to excessive vibration. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 56

FIRST PERSON VIEW (FPV) ALTA 8 and SYNAPSE can power a variety of first person view (FPV) cameras and transmitters, as well as add informational on-screen display (OSD) elements to aid in FPV flying. Using an FPV ground station display can be a useful method of monitoring status, performance, and flight parameters of the ALTA 8 during flight. Three FPV transmitter cables are included. Each supplied cable has one side with a connector that mates with a cable located in the closeout panel between booms 1 & 2. The other end of each supplied cable has specialty connector(s) to run Immersion RC, Fatshark, BOSCAM, or BOSCAM compact FPV transmitters. For cable identification, refer to the FPV Transmitter installation instructions. A single camera cable is provided and is configured to run a Ready Made RC camera (model RMRC-700XVN recommended). This cable mates with a pre-installed cable located behind the closeout panel between booms 1 & 8. Camera and transmitter cables follow this wiring scheme: CA B L E CO LO R F U N CT I O N Red +12 VDC Black Ground Yellow Video signal WA R N I N G It is the responsibility of the pilot to see and avoid other aircraft, people, or obstacles. Always maintain direct line of sight with ALTA 8 during flight, use visual observers as operations require, and follow local regulations regarding see-and-avoid requirements. CA U T I O N Do not short the pins of the FPV transmitter connector located on the pre-installed FPV transmitter lead in the ALTA 8. Doing so could damage the on-screen display circuit. If using a multimeter to check the pins, first connect one of the provided transmitter cables, then take voltage readings from the transmitter cable. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 57

FPV SYSTEM INSTALLATION CAMERA 1. Remove the front closeout panel with a 2.0mm hex driver 2. Locate the FPV camera cable included in the ALTA 8 package 3. Pass the FPV cable through the closeout panel grommet and connect to the mating FPV camera lead inside ALTA 8. Connect the other end directly to the camera 4. Replace front closeout panel. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 58

5. Mount FPV camera on the FPV mount on the front ALTA 8 using the provided hardware TRANSMITTER 1. Mount FPV transmitter on the provided carbon fiber accessory mount plate 2. Attach accessory mount to boom 2 with M3x6 flathead bolts 3. Locate the appropriate FPV transmitter cable. The following cables are included: a. ImmersionRC/Fat Shark (cable with two connectors) b. BOSCAM/SkyZone (cable with one large connector) a. b. c. Compact BOSCAM (cable with one small connector) c. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 59

4. Remove the side closeout panel with the FPV transmitter lead between booms 1 & 2 using the 2.0mm hex driver 5. Pass transmitter cable through the underside of the hinge, and connect to the FPV transmitter lead 6. Replace side closeout panel 7. Zip tie the FPV transmitter lead to the boom cable bundle for strain relief | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 60

FPV ON SCREEN DISPLAY SETUP A number of properties and components can be adjusted or added to the FPV On Screen Display (OSD) using the ALTA App. PROPERTIES NAME OPTIONS DESCRIPTION Indicates to the SYNAPSE the Video Mode PAL / NTSC FPV video camera format Metric / Units Changes the displayed units Imperial Horizontal 0, 15, 30, 45, 60 Centers the OSD components horizontally Offset Vertical Offset 0, 8, 16, 24, 30 Centers the OSD components vertically Adds gaps between OSD components Borders 0, 1, 2, 3 and the edges of the display, measured in character widths and heights TEXT COMPONENTS The following components are displayed as text items, and can be configured to display as big or small letters, or no letters effectively turning off the display. NAME DESCRIPTION Displays the height of ALTA 8 from its Height starting point in meters or feet Displays the vertical speed of ALTA 8 in Vario meters per second or feet per minute Displays the magnetic heading of Heading ALTA 8 and is measured in degrees Displays the horizontal distance along the Distance ground ALTA 8 is from the initialization position in meters or feet Displays the ground speed of ALTA 8 Ground Speed in meters per second or knots Battery Displays the voltage of the flight battery packs Time Displays the time of the flight in minutes and seconds GPS Displays the number of GPS satellites in view Displays the horizontal accuracy of the GPS Accuracy GPS signal in meters or feet Displays the GPS derived latitude and Lat/Long longitude coordinates of ALTA 8 | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 61

ARTIFICIAL HORIZON COMPONENTS The artificial horizon displays pitch and roll information in the center of the FPV display in the form of a horizon line and accompanying elements. NAME OPTIONS DESCRIPTION No Turns off all artificial horizon components Adds a horizon line that moves up and down as Artificial Basic ALTA 8 changes pitch and rolls as ALTA 8 rolls Horizon Adds pitch marks at intervals defined Ladder by the Pitch Interval setting Adds small dash marks on the left Basic and right side of the artificial horizon that indicate changes in roll Roll Marker Horizon Adds marks to include a full horizon line Adds small marks on either side of Ladder the artificial horizon ladder that roll with ALTA 8 roll movements Allows for scaling of the artificial Pitch and 10, 20, 30, 40 horizon markings to compensate for Roll Scaling FPV cameras of different field views Sets the number of degrees Pitch and 10, 20, 30, 40 between pitch markings when the Intervals artificial horizon ladder is used OTHER COMPONENTS The following components can be turned on or off. These components do not have adjustable settings. NAME DESCRIPTION Compass Arrow Displays an arrow that points in the direction of north Displays an arrow that points in the Home Arrow direction of the initialization point Displays a bar on the right of the screen that scales Vario Bar with vertical speed. The bar will increase in length up to indicate a climb, or down to indicate a descent Displays a bar on the left of the screen that scales with the forward/rearward velocity component Forward Velocity The bar will extend up to indicate forward velocity, or down to indicate a rearward velocity | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 62

Displays a bar on the bottom of the screen that scales with the side-to-side velocity component Sideslip The bar will extend left to indicate leftward velocity, or right to indicate rightward velocity | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 63

TUNING ALTA 8 ALTA 8 comes pre-tuned for a wide variety of payloads and flying conditions. Generally, additional tuning is not required to fly ALTA 8, and additional tuning will only need to take place if more customization of control feel is desired. Default tuning values are included in Appendix A, Default Tuning Values. Parameters fall into three categories - Attitude, Height, and Position. Typically, tuning should take place in that order, ensuring Attitude parameters are set first, then moving to Height parameters, and finally Position parameters. Before tuning, the user should read and become familiar with all flight controller modes listed in the Operating ALTA section of this manual. Tuning should take place as an iterative process by making only small changes, test flying the changes, observing the new flight behaviors, and repeating. Only tune a single parameter at a time during this process for best results. To tune ALTA 8, open the ALTA App and select Configurations > Aircraft Dynamics. WA R N I N G Tuning can change the fundamental flying characteristics of ALTA 8. It is possible for ALTA 8 to become unstable or even uncontrollable if values are set too high or too low. Only change tuning parameters in small increments and with caution. Always test new tuning configurations in open areas away from people or obstacles. N OT E The ALTA App only allows tuning while ALTA 8 is on the ground. N OT E When making configuration changes with the ALTA App, wait three seconds before closing the app for changes to be saved automatically. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 64

ATTITUDE TUNING Attitude tuning adjusts how ALTA 8 responds to control inputs and disturbances. Attitude directly controls responsiveness and changes ALTA 8’s fundamental flying behaviors. Attitude must be tuned acceptably before tuning height or position parameters. When tuning attitude, the primary parameter to change is Stiffness followed by Strength. STIFFNESS Stiffness is adjusted for pitch and roll simultaneously, and yaw independently. It changes how stable ALTA 8 is in these axes and is the primary variable to adjust when tuning. When tuning Stiffness first, or making large stiffness changes, Hold Strength should be set to a low, non-zero value. Higher Stiffness values give more responsive control. Values that are too high can cause instability or oscillation. WA R N I N G Excessively high stiffness values can cause ALTA 8 to become unstable and difficult or even impossible to control. Lower Stiffness values give less responsive control. Values that are too low can cause a vague or disconnected control response. HOLD STRENGTH Hold Strength controls how much ALTA 8 will try to maintain a pitch/roll angle command, or a yaw heading command. It is adjusted for pitch and roll simultaneously, and yaw independently. A higher Hold Strength setting will give a faster control response and a more responsive feel. However, values that are too high can cause ALTA 8 to overshoot pitch or roll commands, or even cause instability. WA R N I N G Excessively high strength values case cause ALTA 8 to become unstable and difficult or even impossible to control. Typically, this setting will not need to be changed from the default value, and only then in small increments. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 65

HEIGHT TUNING Tuning height parameters will adjust the control feel of ALTA 8’s height control while in Height and Position modes (for additional information on flight modes, see the Flight Controller Modes section of this manual). Tune height parameters only after satisfactorily tuning attitude parameters. Similar to attitude tuning, stiffness is the primary tuning parameter. If switching to Height Mode causes ALTA 8 to fly in an unstable manner, switch back to Manual Mode, land, and try reducing the values of height tuning gains if they are very high or increasing them if they are very low. VERTICAL STIFFNESS Vertical Stiffness Gain modifies the vertical stability of the ALTA 8 in Height mode. Decrease this value if ALTA 8 experiences vertical oscillation or vibration. Increase this value if ALTA 8 is sluggish while accelerating to a desired climb or descent rate in Height mode. HOLD STRENGTH Hold Strength Gain tunes how much ALTA 8 will attempt to stay on a desired altitude in Height Hold mode only. A higher value will result in height being held more precisely. A value too high can cause ALTA 8 to overreact to winds, gusts, or turbulent air. CLIMB RATE STRENGTH Climb Rate Strength adjusts how much ALTA 8 will attempt to maintain a desired climb rate. Higher values will result in a more direct feel between pilot climb or descent commands and ALTA 8 flying behavior. However, values that are too high may cause instability. POSITION TUNING Tuning position parameters will adjust how well ALTA 8 maintains a desired ground speed or a position over the ground. Similar to attitude and height tuning, the primary value to adjust is stiffness. HORIZONTAL STIFFNESS This changes the horizontal stability of ALTA 8. Higher values increase ALTA 8’s resistance to wind gusts or turbulence from moving ALTA 8 off its target position. Values that are too high can cause instability of ALTA 8. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 66

HOLD STRENGTH This adjusts how much ALTA 8 will attempt to maintain its place over a target position. A higher value will result in position being held more precisely. If too high, positional instability can result, causing ALTA 8 to fly past a target position. KINEMATIC MODE When selected, Kinematic mode affects the control feel of the ALTA 8 in Position Mode only. This control algorithm uses inertial and friction models to control the ALTA 8 response to stick inputs. Kinematic Mode is intended to make the ALTA 8 flight characteristics feel more like Manual Mode control while still benefiting the user with GPS assist. KINEMATIC MASS This is the primary tuning parameter to adjust the feel of the ALTA 8 when Kinematic Mode is enabled. Tuning Kinematic Mass to higher values makes the ALTA behave as an object with more inertia; it will glide to a stop over a further distance when decelerating or take longer to gather speed when starting a pass. Tuning Kinematic Mass to lower values will make the ALTA 8 snappier and accelerate at higher rates when starting or stopping flight passes. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 67

ALTA 8 FLIGHT PARAMETERS Flight Parameters are different from tuning parameters in that the flight characteristics of ALTA 8 will not change with their modification. However, they can be used to select neutral points using trim, or to set maximum or minimum values. ATTITUDE PITCH AND ROLL TRIM Use Pitch and Roll trim settings to correct for tendencies of the ALTA 8 to pitch or roll with a neutral control input. Use the in-app pitch and roll trim settings instead of radio controller trim features as large radio controller trims could prevent position hold from engaging at neutral stick positions. MAXIMUM PITCH/ROLL ANGLE This sets the maximum angle ALTA 8 will be allowed to fly in any flight modes and in all flight conditions. MAXIMUM YAW RATE This is the maximum rate ALTA 8 will yaw (pan) when at full stick deflection. HEIGHT HOVER THROTTLE Hover Throttle is a parameter that adjusts ALTA 8’s thrust at center throttle stick and ensures ALTA 8 does not climb or descend at the center stick position while flying in Manual Mode. A Hover Throttle setting that is too high or too low can cause ALTA 8 to climb or descend when switching between Manual and Height Mode. N OT E Hover Throttle will need to be adjusted when changing the overall weight of the system or when moving between very different elevations. Increase Hover Throttle if the throttle stick must be set above center in order to hover in Manual Mode, and decrease Hover Throttle if the throttle stick must be set below center in order to hover in Manual Mode. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 68

Alternatively, if ALTA 8 climbs when switching from Manual to Height mode, increase hover throttle since a climb indicates a stick position that is higher than neutral in Manual Mode. If ALTA 8 descends, decrease hover throttle since a descent indicates a stick position that is lower than neutral in Manual mode. N OT E The ALTA App does not allow real-time hover throttle adjustments while ALTA 8 is flying. Therefore, adjust the hover throttle while the ALTA 8 is on the ground, and test fly to assess the result. MAXIMUM CLIMB RATE This sets the maximum speed ALTA 8 will climb at full throttle stick deflection in Height Mode or Position Mode. If Climb Rate Clamp is mapped to a radio controller channel, the parameter will adjust the fastest climb speed available to the Climb Rate Clamp feature. POSITION MAXIMUM G This sets the total maximum acceleration, in G’s, that the controller will place on the airframe. It is recommended to use lower G settings with heavier payloads. This setting has no effect in Manual Mode. MAXIMUM GPS ANGLE This sets the maximum pitch and roll angle the ALTA 8 may fly under Position mode. This will not override the Attitude Maximum Pitch/Roll Angle. Instead, ALTA 8 will follow the lower of these two limits when flying in Position Mode. MAXIMUM GPS SPEED Max GPS Speed sets the maximum ground speed ALTA 8 will fly at full stick deflection in Position Mode. If Velocity Clamp is mapped to an RC transmitter channel, the parameter will adjust the fastest ground speed available to the Velocity Clamp feature. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 69

SAFETY ALARM VOLTAGE This adjusts the per-cell voltage warning level. Below this value, the Status Light will illuminate red and Orientation Lights will flash, indicating the flight packs are at a low state of charge. LAND VOLTAGE This adjusts the per-cell voltage limit below which ALTA 8 will begin to Autoland while flying in Height or Position Mode. Below this value, the Status Light and Orientation Lights will flash to convey the flight packs are at or below the land voltage. When flying in Manual Mode, the pilot will be alerted by the alarm indication, but Autoland will not be initiated. SAFE HEIGHT This adjusts the minimum height above the starting point at which ALTA 8 will fly during a Return-to-Home. AUTOLAND DESCENT RATE This adjusts the descent rate of the ALTA 8 during Autoland in meters per second. This value is applied to the Autoland descent profile for the final 15 meters above the ground until landing. The Autoland descent profile is hard-coded and adjusts automatically as a function of height when the ALTA 8 is above 15 meters. RTH SPEED This adjusts the ground speed at which ALTA 8 will fly during a Return-to-Home. SIGNAL LOS ACTION This parameter determines the flight mode ALTA 8 will enter if it detects a Loss-of- Signal (LOS). Selecting ‘LAND’ will cause ALTA 8 to Autoland in place when the LOS is detected. Selecting ‘RTH’ will cause ALTA 8 to Return-to-Home and then Autoland when the LOS is detected. N OT E Signal LOS Action functionality may be limited when using receiver types other than S.Bus/S.Bus2 or DSM2/DSMX. Refer to the Flight Controller Modes section of this manual for additional information. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 70

MOTION BOOTING Motion Booting can be used when powering up ALTA 8 from a moving platform such as a boat. Motion Booting bypasses sensor checks during boot, so it should remain off whenever possible. CEILING This adjusts the highest altitude the ALTA 8 is allowed to climb from its starting point while in Height or Position modes. If the maximum ceiling is exceeded in Manual mode, the Status Light will illuminate white. N OT E The maximum ceiling parameter can be turned off in the ALTA App, and the maximum height of the ALTA 8 will be unconstrained in all flight modes. RANGE Range sets the maximum distance ALTA 8 may fly away from the home point while in Position mode. If the range is exceeded in Manual mode, the Status Light will illuminate white. N OT E The maximum range parameter can be turned off in the ALTA App, and the maximum flight distance of the ALTA 8 will be unconstrained in all flight modes. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 71

RESETTING ALTA 8 WIFI PASSWORD How to Reset WiFi Password On Your Freefly Device If you forget your WiFi password and are locked out, you can reset it with the steps below. It will also reset your SSID (if you have renamed your device). ALTA 1. Power on. 2. ALTA 6 2 . ALTA 8 2. Within 3 seconds of powering on, press and hold the reset button* for 10 seconds. 3. Power cycle. *Reset button is located on the front of the GPS unit. On ALTA 6, the GPS unit is located on Boom #2. On ALTA 8, the GPS unit is located on Boom #7. MōVI M10/M15 - WiFi Edition 1. Power on. 2. 2. Within 3 seconds of powering on, press and hold the reset button* for 10 seconds. 3. Power cycle. *Reset button (orange) is located on the front face of the GCU enclosure. 2. MōVI WiFi Adapter 1. Press and hold the reset button. 2. Power on and and keep the reset button held for 10 seconds. 3. Power cycle. 2. MIMIC Beta - WiFi Edition 1. Power on and wait until boot is complete. 2. Quickly press the Pan Freeze Button 8 times. 3. Power cycle | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 72

OPERATING ALTA 8 | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 73

FLIGHT CONTROLLER MODES OPERATING ALTA 8 ALTA 8 has three primary flight control modes which are selected using the Mode Switch: Manual Mode, Height Mode, and Position Mode. Position Mode includes two control styles that can be selected in the ALTA App per user preference (Classic and Kinematic). ALTA 8 has an assistive Orbit Mode which is available when Position Mode is active. ALTA 8 also has two emergency control modes, Return-to-Home and Autoland, which are available only during certain situations. For additional information, refer to the sub-section associated with each emergency control mode. WA R N I N G Height Mode and Position Mode are assistive only and are not a replacement for pilot skill and ability. Pilots should be proficient in Manual Mode flight in order to react to emergency situations as required. CA U T I O N Always center the control input sticks on the radio controller when switching between control modes to prevent unexpected movement of the ALTA 8. MANUAL MODE In Manual Mode, ALTA 8 will only stabilize its attitude. At neutral control input (middle pitch and roll stick position), ALTA 8 will attempt to remain level. Throttle control is direct. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 74

HEIGHT MODE Height Mode changes the throttle stick behavior to command climb and descent rates. The higher the throttle stick position, the faster ALTA 8 will climb. Conversely, the lower the throttle stick position, the faster ALTA 8 will descend. When the throttle stick is centered, ALTA 8 will enter Height Hold. In Height Hold, ALTA 8 will maintain a target altitude and try to correct for drift. If a disturbance moves ALTA 8 away from this target altitude, ALTA 8 will climb or descend to return to the target altitude. WA R N I N G Height Mode is assistive only and is not a replacement for pilot skill and ability. Pilots should be proficient in Manual Mode flight in order to react to emergency situations as required. POSITION MODE Position Mode changes the pitch/roll stick behavior to command ground speeds. Pitch and roll stick deflection will command fore/aft and left/right ground speeds respectively. Controlling altitude in Position Mode is the same as in Height Mode. With pitch and roll controls centered, ALTA 8 will enter Position Hold. In Position Hold, ALTA 8 will maintain its position over a given point on the ground and correct for disturbances. Position Mode requires a strong GPS signal and communication with a minimum of 6 satellites. If a weak signal is present, ALTA 8 will not enter Position Mode. If the GPS signal degrades while in Position Mode, ALTA 8 will automatically revert to Manual Mode. Within Position Mode, the user can select between two control styles. The Classic controls use the Horizontal Stiffness and Hold Strength parameters to control translational position over the ground. Kinematic Mode uses inertial and friction models to control the ALTA 8 response to stick inputs. WA R N I N G Position Mode is assistive only and is not a replacement for pilot skill and ability. Pilots should be proficient in Manual Mode flight in order to react to emergency situations as required. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 75

WA R N I N G Flight using Position Mode in areas of degraded GPS signal, such as near buildings or under dense tree cover, is not recommended. The automatic reversion to Manual Mode can cause unexpected, abrupt changes in flight behavior. WA R N I N G Flight using Position Mode with Compass enabled in areas near large ferrous objects or high magnetic flux is not recommended. Incorrect compass readings can result in loss of control. Compass assist can be disabled in the ALTA App if desired. ORBIT MODE Orbit Mode allows the pilot to perform circular orbits of a desired radius around a manually-set center point. Position Mode must first be active in order to enter Orbit Mode. When activated, Orbit Mode constrains the radius and automatically yaws ALTA 8 to point towards the center point as the pilot uses roll left or roll right commands to traverse the flight path. The pilot maintains throttle control in order to ascend or descend as desired. The radius of the circular orbit can be adjusted real-time using pitch forward or pitch backward commands. RETURN-TO-HOME Return-to-Home Mode will command ALTA 8 to fly back to the starting point of the flight or the last defined Home Point. When ALTA 8 first acquires a GPS position, it sets this as the Home Point of the flight. The Home Switch on your radio controller can be used to set a new Home Point within 20 meters of the initialization point. See the Radio Channel Mapping section in this manual for more information on setting up the Home Switch. RTH can be initiated automatically with an LOS event if it is selected as the Signal Loss Action in the ALTA App. RTH can also be initiated manually while flying in Position Mode and setting the Home Switch to RTH. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 76

N OT E Full functionality of the SYNAPSE LOS features is only available on an S.Bus/S.Bus2 or DSM2/DSMX receiver. PPM receivers must be programmed with failsafe actions manually before flight. When initiated manually using the Home Switch, ALTA 8 will fly back to the Home Point, and the pilot will maintain control of ALTA 8’s altitude the entire time. ALTA 8 will hover above the home point and wait for further commands. The pilot can cancel the RTH procedure by commanding a pitch or roll command or by retuning the Home Switch to the middle position. The Mode Switch must first be in Position Mode to activate RTH manually. During an LOS event, RTH followed by Autoland will be initiated automatically if ‘RTH’ is selected as Signal Loss Action in the ALTA App and an S.Bus/S.Bus2 or DSM2/DSMX radio system is in use. ALTA 8 will first check its current altitude against Safe Height. If ALTA 8 is below the Safe Height, it will climb to Safe Height. If ALTA 8 is above Safe Height, it will remain at its current altitude. Next, ALTA 8 will fly back to the home position at the RTH Speed set in the ALTA 8 App. Finally, upon Return To Home reaching the home position, ALTA 8 will begin Autoland. SAFE HEIGHT IS USER DEFINED A LTA A P P > C O N F I G U R AT I O N S > S A F E T Y > S A F E H E I G H T N OT E When using a PPM receiver, the pilot must program the receiver with the desired LOS action prior to flight. Typically, the receiver can be programmed to set ALTA 8 to Position Mode and command RTH in the event of LOS, and ALTA 8 will follow the RTH function as if it is a manually-initiated RTH. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 77

AUTOLAND The Autoland function will command ALTA 8 to hover for 10 seconds and will then land in place. The vertical speed at which the ALTA will descend during an Autoland varies as the ALTA approaches the ground. Higher above the elevation of the home point, ALTA 8 descends at faster rate and gradually slows to the user-defined Autoland Descent Rate before landing. The descent profile is defined as follows: »» >45m (148ft): ALTA 8 descends at 8m/s (26ft/s) »» 15 to 35m (49 to 115 ft): ALTA 8 descends at 3 m/s (10 ft/s) »» <15m to ground (49 ft): ALTA 8 descends at the Autoland Descent Rate defined by the pilot until touchdown Autoland will only initiate if one of the following conditions is met: »» Loss of Signal (LOS) occurs and ‘Land’ is selected as the Signal Loss Action in the ALTA app »» At the end of a LOS Return-to-Home event when using S.Bus/S.Bus2 or DSM2/DSMX radio systems »» Battery exhaustion while flying in Height or Position modes only WA R N I N G Battery exhaustion will not result in Autoland while flying in Manual Mode. Full control authority is given to the pilot. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 78

HOME SWITCH The home switch has three settings: Set Home, RTH Off and RTH On. SET HOME Set Home sets a new home point at ALTA 8’s current position. This could be useful for setting a point away from the initialization point, such as if the ALTA 8 was started underneath an overhang or a tree. A new home point can only be set within 20 meters of ALTA 8’s starting point. Momentarily moving the Home Switch to the Set Home position sets a new home point. When a new home point is set, the Status Light will turn white to indicate the new home point was successfully set. RTH OFF This is the normal switch position and does not initiate an RTH command. RTH ON This manually initiates the RTH function. In a manual RTH, the pilot maintains control of height while the SYNAPSE will command ALTA 8’s position over the ground to the home point. In order to initiate Return-to-Home manually, ALTA 8 must first be in Position Mode prior to setting the RTH switch On. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 79

ORBIT SWITCH The Orbit switch has three settings: Set Orbit Center Point, Orbit Off, and Orbit On. SET ORBIT CENTER POINT Set the center point around which the ALTA 8 will orbit. After obtaining position lock and entering position mode, momentarily toggle the Orbit switch from Off to Set Orbit Center Point and back to Off. The Status Light will blink white to indicate the new center point was successfully set. ORBIT OFF This is the normal switch position and does not initiate the Orbit mode. ORBIT ON This enters Orbit mode. While in Position Mode after having first set the orbit center point, fly the ALTA 8 to the desired orbit radius, and turn the switch to Orbit On. ALTA 8 will automatically yaw towards the center point. While Orbit On is enabled, use the cyclic roll left and right commands to circle around the target point. Use cyclic pitch forward to decrease the radius of the orbit, and pitch back to increase the radius. While engaged in the orbit, the throttle commands remain active to allow changes in altitude. Cancel orbit mode by setting the Orbit Switch Off or inputting a yaw command. N OT E Orbit mode will be canceled automatically if the user flies directly above the center point in order to prevent the machine from spinning about itself abruptly. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 80

DISARM SAFETY SWITCH The Disarm Safety Switch aids in preventing accidental motor disarming while ALTA 8 is in flight and in manual mode. It may be mapped to a two or three-position switch. To set up the Disarm Safety Switch, refer to the Radio Mapping section of this manual. 3 P O S I T I O N S W I TC H F U N CT I O N 1 On - Disarming is not possible. 2 Off - Disarming is possible. 3 Off - Disarming is possible. 2 P O S I T I O N S W I TC H F U N CT I O N 1 On - Disarming is not possible. 2 Off - Disarming is possible. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 81

STATUS LIGHT The rear-facing Status Light shows the status of ALTA 8 as it boots, arms, and flies. The following table shows the different meanings of the light in the various flight phases. FLIGHT PHASE L I G H T CO LO R MEANING Flashing Red Booting Flight controller is booting + White Flight controller is running Flashing White and disarmed Standby Flight controller is running Flashing Red and not ready to arm Solid Red Flight controller boot unsuccessful Armed Off Ready for Flight Flight critical alarm - Land Flight - all modes Solid Red immediately! | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 82

Nominal flight status Off No errors Outside user-defined range, Solid White Flight - Manual height, or speed limits Mode Flight critical alarm or battery alarm Solid Red voltage - Land immediately! Battery land voltage - Land Flashing Red immediately! Nominal flight status Off Height hold inactive Flight - Height Slow Flashing Height hold active Hold White Solid or Flight critical alarm - Land Flashing Red immediately! Nominal flight status Off Height hold inactive Position hold inactive Flight - Position Slow Flashing Height Hold or Position Hold Active Hold White Fast Flashing White Height Hold and Position Hold Active Solid or Flight critical alarm - Land Flashing Red immediately! | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 83

ORIENTATION LIGHTS BOT TOM VIEW The boom-end mounted Orientation Lights indicate both the orientation of ALTA 8 in flight and the status of the individual motor Electronic Speed Controllers (ESCs) during other operational phases. The following table shows the different meanings of the light colors in the various operational phases. FLIGHT PHASE L I G H T CO LO R MEANING Booting Blue ESC booting Standby Flashing Green ESC booted normally Armed User-defined Nominal Status User-defined Nominal Status Flashing User- Flight critical alarm or battery defined voltage alarm - Land Immediately! Flight Flashing Red (only occurs if user Flight critical alarm or battery has defined all voltage alarm - Land immediately! lights to be Off) Firmware Update Blue then Yellow ESC firmware is updating | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 84

ALARMS ALTA 8 will notify the pilot of critical alarms using the Status Light. These alarms indicate a serious issue has been observed in the behavior of the ALTA 8 that, if not acted upon immediately, can cause loss of control. Never continue a flight when ALTA 8 indicates an alarm. During an alarm, the Status Light will turn red, and the boom-end mounted Orientation Lights will flash in the user-specified color. If the pilot has set all Orientation Lights Off, they will flash red in the event of an alarm. WA R N I N G Monitor the Status Light and Orientation Lights frequently during flight. If ALTA 8 displays an alarm, land immediately. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 85

ALTA APP MONITOR The ALTA App includes a flight status monitor that displays information about the health of the ALTA 8 and the various controls that can be selected. Boot indicates if the SYNAPSE booting process has completed successfully. Any issues that prevented a normal boot are indicated here. Battery displays the voltage of the battery packs. Status displays the state of the SYNAPSE flight controller. Radio displays if the SYNAPSE detects a radio controller signal. A LOS warning is displayed if no signal is present. GPS displays if SYNAPSE has resolved a GPS fix or not. Sats displays the number of GPS satellites in view and being received. A minimum of 6 satellites are required in order to enter Position Mode. Lock displays whether a position lock is ready, indicating a valid GPS fix and good heading. This is required before the SYNAPSE will allow switching into Position Mode. Height displays the current height control mode: Manual, Vario if in Height or Position mode and climbing or descending, and Hold. Attitude displays the current attitude control mode. Position displays the current position control mode: Manual, Velocity if in Position mode and moving across the ground, and Hold Compass displays the status of the compass and if the SYNAPSE believes the compass readings are good or bad. If Bad, the compass may require recalibration (see the Compass Calibration section in this manual). Station displays if ALTA 8 is currently over its commanded position over the ground, or if it attempting to fly to it. Temp displays the temperature of the SYNAPSE flight controller board. N OT E Connect the ALTA 8 to your iOS or Android device prior to each takeoff in order to monitor performance during flight. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 86

DATA LOGGING ALTA 8 automatically logs flight and control data when ALTA 8 is armed for flight. Data is recorded as a .csv file at a rate of 25 Hz on a microSD card installed on the top of the GPS/Compass module. A table of recorded data is included in Appendix B. Summarized flight data from an individual flight can also be viewed immediately after landing in the ALTA App’s Monitor > Flight Data menu. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 87

NORMAL PROCEDURES | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 88

UNPACKING AND SETUP 1. Aircraft REMOVE from case 2. Prop protectors REMOVE 3. Boom retention clips STOW 4. Booms UNFOLD 5. Boom latches LOCK 6. Receivers and wiring CHECK 7. Isolator cartridges SELECT and INSTALL as necessary 8. Payload mounting location CONFIGURE as necessary AMPLIFICATION To set up ALTA 8 for flight, remove it from the case, and remove the prop protectors. Stow the boom retention clips by folding them down. The clips only fold in one direction and are spring-loaded to stay in open and closed detented positions. Unfolding the booms is most easily accomplished by unfolding opposite pairs partially. Then unfold the opposite boom pairs completely. ALTA 8 can become unbalanced while unfolding booms individually, so unfolding opposite pairs reduces the possibility of tipping. Once unfolded, push on the boom latches until they audibly click, indicating the booms are secure. There should be little to no slop in the hinge. Check that the receivers and the electrical connectors that attach to the receivers are secure. For information on installing isolator cartridges and setting up payload mounting locations, refer to the Isolator Cartridges and Configuring GroundView or SkyView sections of this manual. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 89

BEFORE STARTING 1. Payload SECURED 2. Isolator Cartridges VERIFY SECURE 3. microSD Card VERIFY INSTALLED 4. Propellers CHECK CONDITION, VERIFY TIGHT 5. Propeller Hubs VERIFY SECURE 6. Motors CHECK CONDITION 7. Radio Controller ON, VERIFY TX BATTERY 8. Radio Controller Model SELECT 9. Aircraft Placement AWAY from people and obstacles 10. Battery Pack Voltage VERIFY ABOVE 24V 11. Battery Packs SECURE 12. Battery Leads CHECK CONDITION and CONNECT 13. Aircraft KEEP STATIONARY 14. Flight Controller Allow to INITIALIZE 15. Status Light VERIFY SLOW FLASHING WHITE 16. Orientation Lights VERIFY FLASHING GREEN 17. Receivers VERIFY BOUND 18. ALTA App CONNECT 19. ALTA App Monitor VERIFY NO WARNINGS 20. Compass Calibration CALIBRATE as required 21. Radio Control Range Check AS REQUIRED AMPLIFICATION Check that the payload is secure by checking that the Toad In The Hole quick release lever is pushed in, and that the payload does not slip. Check that all isolator cartridges are locked in place, especially if they have been recently replaced. A microSD card is required to be installed in the GPS/Compass module for reliable compass sensing and data logging. The blades should be checked for damage, including nicks and scrapes. If a propeller blade has been nicked enough such that it catches a fingernail, it should be replaced. Bolt tightness should be checked by rotating the blade about its length (blade pitch up and down). There should be no slop, and if there is, the bolt and nut should be tightened until the slop is removed. There should be no slop between the propeller hub and the motor. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 90

Motors should spin freely, and there should be no grinding or scraping sound from the motor. The inside of the motor should be free of debris. Always turn on the radio controller before powering ALTA 8. Follow the battery installation guidance in the Battery Installation section of this manual for battery installation instructions. While the SYNAPSE flight controller initializes, keep the ALTA 8 as stable as possible. Wedging a foam prop protector between the stationary gimbal or landing gear and the ALTA 8 frame can be used to stabilize ALTA 8 from spinning during this process. N OT E If ALTA 8 moves during initialization, it may not boot properly and will fail to start or not maintain heading. When it is impossible to initialize ALTA 8 without movement (such as booting on a boat), Motion Booting can be used. It is not recommended to use Motion Booting regularly since it bypasses error checking processes. During initialization, the Status Light will quickly flash a sequence of red and white lights. At the end of this process, it will begin slow flashing white, indicating SYNAPSE is ready for arming. The Orientation Lights will also begin flashing green. Verify that all motors are flashing green, indicating all ESCs initialized successfully. Verify that there are no flight warnings by connecting to ALTA 8 via the ALTA App and checking on its status from the App. For more information, see the ALTA App section of this manual. Perform a manual compass calibration at each new flight location. Survey the anticipated flight path for large ferrous objects or other sources of high magnetic disturbances and determine whether the compass should be disabled in the App. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 91

BEFORE TAKEOFF 1. Prop Area CLEAR 2. Mode Switch MANUAL 3. Home Switch CENTER POSITION 4. Radio Controller VERIFY CORRECT MODEL 5. Orbit Switch CENTER POSITION 6. Telemetry (if equipped) CHECK OPERATION 7. ALTA 8 ARM 8. Status Light VERIFY OFF 9. Orientation Lights VERIFY USER-DEFINED COLOR 10. Motors START and VERIFY OPERATION 11. Flight Controls VERIFY CORRECT 12. Throttle ADVANCE directly to hover 13. Disarm Safety ON AMPLIFICATION Prior to start, check the surrounding area to ensure people and objects are clear of ALTA 8 and its props. Also ensure that there are no people or objects between the ALTA 8’s takeoff location and its intended flight path. WA R N I N G ALTA 8’s props spin at a high RPM and the ends of the blades move at high speeds. ALTA 8’s props can cause severe injury or death or cause damage to objects while they are rotating. Always ensure the area surrounding the props and ALTA 8 is clear of people or objects prior to starting the ALTA 8’s motors. ALTA 8 can only be armed for flight when it is in Manual Mode, and the Home Switch is set to RTH Off. To arm, hold full low throttle and full left yaw. WA R N I N G Do not approach ALTA 8 while it is armed. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 92

To start the motors, hold full low throttle and full right yaw. Ensure that all the motors are spinning. Keep the throttle in the lowest position and move the pitch, roll, and yaw controls slightly. ALTA 8 should pitch, roll, and yaw as commanded due to isolator cartridge flex. Ensure that the ALTA 8 behaves as expected. If it does not, shut down ALTA 8 and ensure the propellers are installed in the correct orientation. CA U T I O N Do not make large yaw commands while on the ground with the inverted landing gear installed. Large yaw commands can cause instability. After checking flight control directions, advance the throttle directly from idle to hover throttle. Prior to takeoff, do not advance throttle stick above idle until prepared for flight as this can spool up motors undesirably. While throttling up for takeoff, do not loiter in ground effect. Once in flight, enter a stationary hover, and turn on the Disarm Safety to prevent accidental motor stops while flying. If desired, use the Mode Switch to select Height Mode or Position Mode only after first confirming proper flight performance in Manual Mode. CA U T I O N Only take off in Manual Mode. Attempting to take off in Height or Position Modes may cause ALTA 8 to tip over. WA R N I N G Height Mode and Position Mode are assistive only and are not a replacement for pilot skill and ability. Pilots should be proficient in Manual Mode flight in order to react to emergency situations as required. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 93

AFTER EVERY FLIGHT 1. Mode Switch MANUAL 2. Home Switch OFF 3. Orbit Switch OFF 4. Disarm Safety Switch OFF 5. ALTA 8 LAND 6. Motors DISARM and STOP 7. Orientation Lights VERIFY FLASHING GREEN 8. Status LED VERIFY SLOW FLASHING WHITE 9. ALTA App CHECK for warnings 10. Batteries DISCONNECT and REMOVE 11. Radio Controller Power AS REQUIRED 12. Aircraft Condition INSPECT 13. Motor and Prop Condition INSPECT 14. Battery Condition INSPECT AMPLIFICATION Prior to landing, switch to Manual Mode. CA U T I O N Only land in Manual Mode. Attempting to land in Height or Position Modes may cause ALTA 8 to tip over. Upon landing, disarm the motors by holding full low throttle and full left yaw. This is typically done on the left radio control stick by moving it to the bottom left corner with mode 2 controllers. Disarming can only be done while in Manual Mode. Switch the Disarm Safety to off to allow the motors to stop. Once the motors are stopped and disarmed, the Orientations Lights will flash green, and the Status Light will slowly flash white, indicating it is safe to approach ALTA 8. WA R N I N G Only approach ALTA 8 after confirming that it is disarmed by verifying the Status Light and Orientation Light colors. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 94

The downwash from the propellers can disturb debris. This debris can be ingested by the propellers or motors and cause damage. After the flight, ensure there is no damage to the propeller blades and that the motors still spin freely and quietly. Take extra care when operating in areas with large amounts of debris, such as in sand, dirt, or gravel. After flight is also a good time to check the condition of battery packs. Always refer to the battery manufacturer’s recommendations for inspection and replacement intervals or requirements. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 95

AFTER LAST FLIGHT 1. Propellers FOLD and PLACE inline with booms 2. Prop Protectors INSTALL 3. Boom Latches UNLOCK 4. Booms FOLD 5. Boom Retention Clips EXTEND 6. Payload REMOVE 7. ALTA 8 INSERT into case AMPLIFICATION Fold propeller blades and install foam prop proptectors to decrease the risk of damaging the propellers while packing ALTA 8. Keeping ALTA 8 on the payload or landing gear easily facilitates the folding process as ALTA 8 may be turned on the Toad In The Hole adapter while folding the propellers and booms. Folding the booms in opposing pairs can help maintain balance and reduce the likelihood of tipping. Make sure that the handle is aligned front-to-back with the battery leads facing to the right when putting ALTA 8 in the included case. Pay special attention to optional accessories if installed (FPV camera and Tx) to make sure they are located in the foam cavity properly. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 96

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 97

EMERGENCY GUIDANCE The emergency procedures listed in this section are the recommended practices for handling the aircraft in the event of an aircraft emergency. This guidance should be considered and applied as necessary. The risk of an emergency occurring can be reduced substantially through proper aircraft maintenance, by performing thorough inspections before and after all flights, and with careful pre-flight planning. Emergency situations are dynamic events, and not all conditions or procedures can be anticipated or applied during the event. These procedures are not a substitute for a thorough understanding of aircraft systems and sound pilot judgment. In general, if an emergency occurs, three basic actions can be applied to most situations: 1. Maintain aircraft control - Small emergencies can quickly escalate if the pilot is distracted attempting to determine or troubleshoot the problem. Always maintain visual contact with the aircraft during an emergency to reduce the likelihood of losing orientation. 2. Analyze the situation - Once the aircraft is stabilized, begin to assess the cause of the emergency if practical. 3. Take appropriate action - In many cases, the appropriate action will be to land the aircraft as soon as possible. Always consider the safety of yourself and others before attempting to save the aircraft in an emergency. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 98

ALARM INDICATION (FLASHING OR SOLID RED LIGHT) 1. Mode Switch MANUAL 2. ALTA 8 LAND as soon as possible 3. ALTA App OPEN MONITOR AMPLIFICATION Alarms are displayed if the flight controller determines there is a condition present that can adversely affect the safety of the flight. Alarms are indicated by the Status Light turning or flashing Red (depending on the flight mode) and the Orientation Lights flashing. Land as soon as possible when the Status Light and/or Orientation Lights indicate a warning, and investigate the problem while ALTA 8 is safely on the ground. It is best practice to set the mode switch to Manual when an Alarm is observed to maintain full control authority of ALTA 8. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 99

PILOT LOSS OF ALTA 8 ORIENTATION 1. Control Inputs NEUTRALIZE 2. Mode Switch POSITION 3. Yaw NOSE AWAY 4. Roll VERIFY DIRECTION AMPLIFICATION Regaining spatial orientation as quickly as possible is most important. If the pilot loses orientation of ALTA 8, control inputs will not give the expected result, so neutralize controls by centering the throttle/yaw and pitch/roll sticks to stabilize motion. If a good GPS signal is available, enable Position Mode so ALTA 8 will stay in one place. Use yaw only to reorient ALTA 8 so the nose is pointed away, then use the roll control to verify the orientation of ALTA 8. WA R N I N G Position Mode may not function as expected if Position Lock has not been achieved. It is best practice to wait for position lock prior to takeoff even if Position Mode is not planned to be used during the flight. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 100

UNEXPECTED FLIGHT CONTROLLER BEHAVIOR 1. Control Inputs NEUTRALIZE 2. Mode Switch MANUAL If the problem persists 3. ALTA 8 LAND as soon as possible AMPLIFICATION If the ALTA 8 behaves unexpectedly, neutralize controls by centering the throttle/ yaw and pitch/roll sticks and observe ALTA 8. If it is still flying in an uncommanded manner in either Height or Position Mode, switch to Manual Mode. In most cases, unexpected behavior is due to erroneous sensor readings, degraded GPS signal reception, or compass issue. If the unexpected behavior occurred while in Manual mode, land as soon as possible and check the ALTA App for any warnings. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 101

BATTERY EXHAUSTION If battery cell voltage is below Alarm Voltage (all flight modes) 1. Status Light ILLUMINATES RED (solid or blinking) 2. Orientation Lights FLASH 3. ALTA 8 LAND as soon as possible If battery cell voltage is below Land Voltage while flying in Manual Mode 1. Status Light FLASH RED 2. Orientation Lights FLASH 3. ALTA 8 LAND as soon as possible (Autoland is not initiated) If battery cell voltage is below Land Voltage while flying in Height or Position Mode 1. Status Light ILLUMINATES RED (solid or blinking) 2. Orientation Lights FLASH 3. ALTA 8 AUTOLAND is initiated automatically 4. Pitch and Roll MANEUVER away from people or objects AMPLIFICATION If the battery cell voltage drops below the Alarm Voltage, the Status Light will turn solid red in Manual Mode or flash red if in Height Hold or Position Hold. The orientation lights will flash in the user-defined colors. If all orientation lights have been specified off, the orientation lights will flash red. Terminate the flight and land as soon as possible. If the battery cell voltage drops below the Land Voltage, the Status Light will flash red. The orientation lights will flash as described above. In Manual Mode, the pilot will remain in full control of the ALTA. In Height or Position Mode, ALTA will begin to Autoland, and pitch and roll commands will remain active. During the time ALTA is descending, use pitch and roll to avoid people and objects during the descent and landing. WA R N I N G ALTA 8 will not Autoland if it is in Manual Mode. Full throttle authority is available to the pilot in a battery exhaustion event. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 102

RADIO LOSS OF SIGNAL (LOS) 1. Controller Battery CHECK 2. Controller Antenna REPOSITION 3. Mode Switch POSITION 4. Home Switch RETURN-TO-HOME AMPLIFICATION Loss of Signal (LOS) can occur if the radio controller stops transmitting a signal, or if ALTA 8 is too far away to receive it. In the event ALTA 8 detects a LOS, it will automatically execute a Return-to-Home or Autoland as configured in the App if using an S.Bus/S.Bus2 or DSM2/DSMX radio type. While the ALTA 8 includes these emergency control modes, it is always recommended to attempt to regain signal link with ALTA 8 to keep the pilot in control of the aircraft. Move the antenna orientation for best signal strength. Ensure the radio antenna matches the direction of the receiver antennae. Move the radio away from objects to get a clear line-of-sight to ALTA 8. Set the Mode switch to Position and the Home switch to Return-to-Home so ALTA 8 will continue to approach the home point if the signal is momentarily regained, resulting in higher likelihood of regaining full signal reception. N OT E If efforts to regain control signal are unsuccessful, ALTA 8 will begin either the Return-to-Home and Autoland sequence as configured in the App. Refer to the Flight Controller Modes section of this manual for additional information regarding functionality available with specific radio types. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 103

LOSS OF FPV SIGNAL 1. Control Inputs AS REQUIRED 2. Visual Contact MAINTAIN 3. ALTA 8 POSITION for optimal signal reception If visual contact or FPV signal is not maintained 1. Mode Switch POSITION 2. Home Switch RETURN TO HOME 3. Throttle AS REQUIRED AMPLIFICATION An FPV Loss of Signal (LOS) can occur if the aircraft flies out of range or if it flies behind an object that interrupts the signal. Maintaining visual contact is the preferred method to reestablish control of the aircraft, either with the pilot seeing the aircraft, or by the use of a visual observer. Yawing the aircraft can help signal reception if the body of the aircraft is blocking the line of sight between the transmitter and receiver antennas. If FPV signal or visual contact cannot be maintained, setting the Mode switch to Position Mode and enabling Return-to-Home can be used to bring the aircraft back to signal reception range. WA R N I N G It is the responsibility of the pilot to see and avoid other aircraft, people, or obstacles. Always maintain direct line of sight with ALTA 8 during flight, use visual observers as operations require, and follow local regulations regarding see-and-avoid requirements. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 104

PERFORMANCE | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 105

WEIGHT / ENDURANCE PERFORMANCE DATA Conditions: Altitude Sea Level, ISA Winds Zero | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 106

ALTA 8 ALLOWABLE GROSS WEIGHT As altitude and temperature increase, the density of the air decreases. Consequently, ALTA 8’s thrust will decrease. The following table describes maximum gross weight limits with respect to altitude and temperature. 0ºC (32ºF) 10ºC (50ºF) 20ºC (68ºF) 30ºC (86ºF) 40ºC (104ºF) Press Alt Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight Gross Weight (lb) (kg) (lb) (kg) (lb) (kg) (lb) (kg) (lb) (kg) Sea Level 40.0 18.1 40.0 18.1 39.3 17.8 38.0 17.2 36.8 16.7 ALLOWABLE GROSS WEIGHT 305m (1000ft) 40.0 18.1 39.3 17.8 37.9 17.2 36.7 16.6 35.5 16.1 | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 610m (2000ft) 39.2 17.8 37.8 17.2 36.6 16.6 35.4 16.0 34.2 15.5 914m (3000ft) 37.8 17.2 36.5 16.5 35.2 16.0 34.1 15.5 33.0 15.0 1219m (4000ft) 36.4 16.5 35.2 15.9 34.0 15.4 32.8 14.9 31.8 14.4 1524m (5000ft) 35.1 15.9 33.9 15.4 32.7 14.8 31.6 14.3 30.6 13.9 1829m (6000ft) 33.8 15.3 32.6 14.8 31.5 14.3 30.5 13.8 29.5 13.4 2134m (7000ft) 32.6 14.8 31.4 14.2 30.3 13.8 29.3 13.3 28.4 12.9 2438m (8000ft) 31.3 14.2 30.2 13.7 29.2 13.2 28.2 12.8 27.3 12.4 2743m (9000ft) 30.2 13.7 29.1 13.2 28.1 12.7 27.2 12.3 26.3 11.9 3048m (10000ft) 29.0 13.2 28.0 12.7 27.0 12.3 26.1 11.9 25.3 11.5 107

MAINTAINING ALTA 8 | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 108

GENERAL INFORMATION AND TECHNIQUES CHASSIS ALTA 8 ships from the factory with motors precisely aligned to minimize the difference in motor speed between clockwise turning and counterclockwise turning motors while in flight. Opening the chassis by removing the screws that attach either the top or bottom chassis plates affects this alignment and may reduce ALTA 8 performance. N OT E Do not open the ALTA 8 chassis. Opening the chassis affects factory alignment. All user maintainable items are outside the chassis and do not require the removal of screws attaching the top or bottom chassis plates. USE OF THREADLOCKER Bolts and screws this manual identifies as needing to be removed or replaced do not typically require threadlocking compound. This includes the screws holding on the handle, battery retention strap studs, battery stops, closeout panels, and the top male Toad In The Hole adapter. In addition, fasteners that attach to nuts with a nylon locking feature (nylock nuts) do not require threadlocker. All structural fasteners require the use of threadlock. This includes chassis screws, lower male Toad In The Hole adapter, motor attachment fasteners, and the four M3 x 8 socket head bolts that attach the folding propeller to the motor. Typically, a low strength threadlocker (such as Loctite Purple 222) is used on structural fasteners. FASTENER INSTALLATION The Freefly hex drivers included with ALTA 8 are designed to limit the torque that can be applied to each bolt or screw and help prevent stripping the fastener head. Thread all fasteners into their respective holes until snug. This is when the fastener head bottoms out and lightly clamps the two mating parts together. To prevent excessive tightening and damaging the fastener or parts, twist the driver from the smaller diameter knurled section of the tool between your thumb and index finger for small fasteners (under size M3) or with your thumb and two forefingers for larger fasteners (size M3 and larger). | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 109

MAINTENANCE ITEMS PROPELLERS Propeller blades should be removed when making a change to the configuration of the ALTA 8 to prevent propeller strikes in the event of unintentional motor starts and should be replaced on an as needed basis if they become damaged. Generally, a nick on the leading edge that is large enough to catch a fingernail indicates that the pro- peller should be replaced. If the blade composite structure becomes delaminated, the propeller should be replaced. Freefly makes folding propeller assemblies available that include the blades and propeller hub fully assembled and factory balanced. They are available in clockwise and counterclockwise orientations. CA U T I O N Only use propellers supplied by Freefly on ALTA 8. Use of third-party propellers can cause motor instability, overheating, and failure. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 110

The folding propellers are installed on the motors with four M3×8 socket head bolts. CA U T I O N Always use a threadlocking compound on the bolt threads that attach the propeller hub to the motor. Odd numbered booms (1, 3, 5 and 7) use clockwise rotating propellers when looking from the top down, and even numbered booms (2, 4, 6 and 8) use counterclockwise rotating propellers. WA R N I N G Always check to ensure the correct propeller rotation direction and correct propeller prior to flight. Propellers that spin in the incorrect direction will cause ALTA 8 to be uncontrollable. REPLACING PROPELLER BUMPERS Under normal use, propeller bumpers (see exploded view figure on the next page) may split and fall out of the folding propeller assembly. Six spare bumpers are provided with the ALTA 8. To replace the bumper, disassembly of the folding propeller is required. Start by removing the M3 x 19 bolt and nylon nut. Pull off the upper prop adapter. The two bumpers are held in place by cylindrical features in the lower prop adapter. Replace the worn or split bumper with a new one. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 111

To reassemble, follow the part layout in the figure above. Note that there are two different types of washers, one made of nylon and the other made of PTFE. The nylon washer is smaller in width and thicker and is installed between the nut or bolt head and the two prop adapters. The PTFE washer is wider and thinner and is installed between the prop blades and prop adapters. N OT E Propeller blades are balanced and paired individually. Do not mix and match individual propeller blades when reassembling. Unbalanced propellers can affect flight performance. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 112

EVERY 15 FLIGHTS ALTA 8 is designed to be as low-maintenance as possible. It is recommended to check ALTA 8’s fasteners regularly. This check should occur roughly after every 15 flights, dependent upon the level of vibration ALTA 8 experiences in flight or during handling. To check ALTA 8’s fasteners, apply a tightening torque to each fastener on the chassis using the supplied hex drivers. The fasteners should not slip. If a fastener does slip, tighten it using the methods described in the Fastener Installation section. Do not apply additional threadlocking compound unless the fastener has repeatedly come loose. EVERY 15 FLIGHT HOURS The following should be checked after every 15 hours of flight. FASTENER TIGHTNESS Check the tightness of the following fasteners: »» Motor mount bolts »» Prop hub bolts »» Prop bolts »» Top and bottom chassis bolts »» Closeout panel bolts »» FPV camera mounting plate bolts »» Accessory mounting plate bolts »» GPS/Compass mounting bolts INSPECTION Inspect the following items. Replace if worn. »» Propeller blades »» Prop bumpers HINGE LATCH TIGHTNESS Check hinge latching tightness by closing the hinge. There should be a firm closing force and click. Adjust the tension by using a 1.5mm hex wrench on the set screw located under the hinge latch. REPLACEMENT OF PARTS Spare or replacement parts are available for sale separately at www.freeflysystems.com. Please refer to the company store for a current listing of all available spare parts. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 113

FIRMWARE UPDATE PROCESS N OT E Carefully follow in-app instructions for saving and restoring ALTA 8 configuration settings during the firmware update process. WA R N I N G Test radio channels, arming, and disarming behavior after firmware updates to ensure radio mapping has been preserved. Incorrect radio mapping can lead to loss of control. SYNAPSE firmware is updated using the ALTA App. New app updates may include new firmware installations. To update firmware: 1. Provide power to ALTA 8 a. Install and plug in a fully charged flight pack or b. Plug in the USB-Futaba cable to an available receiver port (Futaba and PPM receivers only) 2. Open the ALTA App 3. Open Monitor > Updates 4. The latest firmware included with the app release is compared with the ALTA 8 firmware. If a new release is available, the app will provide a notification 5. Tap the Install button in the App if an update is available, and follow the prompts to save the current configuration 6. Wait until the firmware is loaded and ALTA 8 has booted as indicated by the Status and Orientation Lights — Do not power down ALTA 8 during this time 7. Reload saved configuration | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 114

MOTOR ALIGNMENT ALTA 8’s motors are aligned at the factory at an angle of ±2.5° relative to the chassis. This slight angle improves aircraft yaw authority and reduces the possibility of clockwise and counterclockwise turning motors from spinning at different speeds during stable hover. This alignment can be lost when opening the ALTA 8 chassis or if a boom needs to be replaced. If the motors need to be realigned, follow the realignment procedure, then verify realignment was successful using the ALTA Flight Data Viewer, available at www.freeflysystems.com. To perform a realignment, Freefly recommends using a small digital angle gauge with a flat surface so it can rest on the bottom of the motor mount (for example, the Wixey WR300 angle gauge). MOTOR REALIGNMENT PROCEDURE 1. Place ALTA 8 on a level surface. 2. Place a digital angle gauge on the chassis next to the boom facing outwards. 3. Zero the angle gauge. 4. Starting at motor 1, place the digital angle gauge on the flat surface of the motor mount with the gauge facing outwards. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 115

5. If the gauge reads a value outside the range 2.5°±0.1°, loosen the motor mount clamping bolts. While placing slight inward pressure on the motor, rotate the motor until the angle gauge indicates 2.5°±0.1°. When viewed from the end of the boom: a. Motors 1, 3, 5 and 7 should be rotated clockwise. b. Motors 2, 4, 6 and 8 should be rotated counterclockwise. N OT E When rotating the motor, do not pull outwards on it. 6. Apply threadlock as required (Loctite 222 recommended), and tighten the motor mount bolts to 0.8 N-m (7 in-lbs). Do not over-torque the bolts. 7. Repeat steps 2 through 6 for the additional motors. 8. After aligning motors, recheck motor mount alignment and clamping bolt tightness. MOTOR ALIGNMENT VERIFICATION FLIGHT TEST PROCEDURE 1. Complete the Unpacking and Setup, Before Starting and Before Takeoff checklists. 2. Enter a hover for at least 10 seconds. Do not yaw during the hover. 3. Perform the ‘After Every Flight’ checklist. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 116

4. Retrieve the microSD card from the GPS module and open it with a computer. 5. Open the ALTA Flight Data Viewer. 6. Drag and drop the latest .csv data log file of the test flight from the microSD card on to the ALTA Flight Data Viewer window. 7. Under the Data Seeker section, select Hover from the Seek Event drop down box. 8. In the Flight Statistics section, look at the Yaw CW Bias value. It should be within +/- 5%. It Yaw CW Bias is outside +/- 5%, recheck motor alignment. N OT E If the ALTA Flight Data Viewer is unavailable or cannot be used on your operating system, yaw bias can be found at the bottom of the .csv data log for that flight. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 117

GUIDELINES FOLLOWING AN ACCIDENT Extra precautions should be taken following an accident, including a crash, tip over, propeller strikes with solid bodies, or other abnormally stressing events. Contact Freefly Customer Support immediately after an accident for guidance as field inspections are no substitute for consultation and direct inspection and repair of damage by Freefly. Freefly Customer Support can be reached at [email protected] or by phone at +1 (425) 485-5500. CA U T I O N ALTA 8 is a precisely tuned flying machine with sensitive electronics and may become damaged or adversely affected by crashes, tip overs, propeller strikes with solid bodies, or other abnormally stressing events. Freefly recommends contacting Customer Support immediately for guidance in case of any of these events. Field inspections are no substitute for consultation and direct inspection and repair of damage by Freefly. Typical inspection points after an accident may include, but not be limited to, the following to gauge the flight-worthiness of ALTA 8 prior to subsequent flights: »» Propeller blade and hub damage »» Propeller tip spacing »» Motor alignment »» Chassis plate damage »» The Toad In The Hole spacer in the center of the ALTA 8 »» Booms for damage or cracking »» Position light covers »» Landing gear »» Closeout panels »» Hinge frame alignment »» Hinge tension-compression link and latch | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 118

TROUBLESHOOTING | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 119

FIRMWARE UPDATE SY M P TO M P OT E N T I A L CA U S E P OT E N T I A L S O LU T I O N WiFi connection Firmware update Remove sources of radio frequency between ALTA 8 only completes interference, or move to a new and mobile device halfway location. Restart firmware update. lost during update GENERAL WARNINGS SY M P TO M P OT E N T I A L CA U S E P OT E N T I A L S O LU T I O N Voltage limits Check voltage of flight packs exceeded and replace as necessary Boot Fail Check surroundings and boot in Compass readings an area away from ferrous objects. out of limits Recalibrate the compass. microSD card Check the microSD card is installed is missing Remove the microSD and reformat microSD card Compass Warning FAT32. If problem persists, is corrupt replace with a new card. Invalid compass Recalibrate the compass calibration GPS/Compass Check the GPS/Compass GPS Warning Unit has become unit wiring for damage disconnected Accelerometer Hard landing Reboot ALTA 8 Warning Contact Freefly Customer ESC or Motor Motor Warning Support immediately. Do not failure or error continue flying ALTA 8. | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 120

FLIGHT CONTROLLER SY M P TO M P OT E N T I A L CA U S E P OT E N T I A L S O LU T I O N Home Switch Move Home Switch to Off not Off Mode Switch Move Mode Switch to manual not in Manual Follow radio controller Radio not bound manufacturer’s binding procedure ALTA 8 will Check ALTA App radio mapping Radio not mapped charts for correct behavior not arm properly Adjust mapping as necessary Power cycle ALTA 8. Ensure it does not move during boot SYNAPSE boot not successful If ALTA 8 must move during boot (such as on a moving platform), use Motion Booting Mode Switch Move Mode Switch to manual Motors will not in Manual not stop Move Arm Enable Switch Disarm Safety On to Allow Disarm FLIGHT BEHAVIOR SY M P TO M P OT E N T I A L CA U S E P OT E N T I A L S O LU T I O N Revert tuning to the last known Unexpected Tuning too high working configuration flight behavior or too low Set tuning back to default values ALTA 8 does not Pitch or Roll Trim Use the ALTA app to set the maintain level position not set appropriate pitch and roll trim pitch or roll | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 121

Check flight settings and tuning Tuning too high parameters in the App. Revert or too low tuning to the last known working configuration. Re-tune. Check for damage to propeller blades. ALTA 8 oscillates Propeller damage Replace with spares as required. or vibrates Replace with spares as required. during flight Propeller blades Propeller blades are balanced unbalanced and matched at the factory. Thoroughly inspect ALTA 8 following Hinge or motor any accident. Contact Freefly for misalignment further inspection and assessment. Check tuning in ALTA 8 and Tuning too low adjust as required Weigh the ALTA 8 and compare to ALTA 8 is sluggish Flight weight the Allowable Gross Weight table in response to is over limit in this manual. Remove weight. commands Check settings in the ALTA App. Check Velocity or Climb the position of the slider clamps on the Rate set too low Radio controller. Increase as required ALTA 8 ascends Follow the instructions listed in the or descends when Hover Throttle ALTA 8 Flight Parameters section of switching between set incorrectly this manual to adjust Hover Throttle flight modes ALTA 8 does not Re-initialize SYNAPSE while keeping Yaw during boot maintain heading ALTA 8 stationary in all directions Monitor ALTA App and takeoff Position lock only after Position Lock has been not achieved achieved with strong GPS signal Incorrect heading Unexpected Re-initialize SYNAPSE while keeping due to yaw behavior in ALTA 8 stationary in all directions during boot Position Mode Check surroundings for ferrous Compass objects or magnetic interference. corruption or Recalibrate the compass. Disable the calibration compass assist in the ALTA App. Compass calibration Recalibrate the compass ALTA 8 circles is invalid a point in Position Hold Position Mode Reduce Position Hold tuning values, tuning values starting with Position Hold Strength too high | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 122

Perform a manual compass calibration. ALTA 8 does not Compass Disable compass assist in the ALTA track straight in calibration invalid App if location has high magnetic Position Mode flux or large ferrous objects Monitor the ALTA App to ensure Position Lock ALTA 8 does not position lock has been achieved not achieved Return-to-Home with strong GPS signal when commanded Incorrect initiation Set Mode switch to Position Mode. process Set Home switch to RTH. Monitor the ALTA App to ensure Position Lock position lock has been achieved not achieved with strong GPS signal ALTA 8 does not Set Mode switch to Position Mode. enter Orbit mode Fly over the desired orbit point when commanded Incorrect initiation and toggle Orbit switch to set the process center point. Fly to desired radius, and set Orbit switch to On. Vertical descent Descend at a slight angle relative to ALTA 8 wobbles into turbulent air vertical so the ALTA 8 does not fly into when descending from propellers turbulent air from propeller downwash | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 123

APPENDIX | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 124

APPENDIX A. DEFAULT TUNING VALUES The following default tuning values only apply to ALTA 8. For ALTA 6 tuning values, refer to the ALTA 6 Aircraft Flight Manual. PA R A M E T E R PA R A M E T E R D E FA U LT VA LU E GROUP Pitch/Roll Stiffness 65 Pitch/Roll Hold Strength 50 Yaw Stiffness 140 Yaw Hold Strength 60 Attitude Roll Trim 0 Pitch Trim 0 Maximum Pitch/Roll Angle 40° Maximum Yaw Rate 100°/sec Vertical Stiffness 9 Hold Strength 80 Height Hover Throttle 14.0 volts Climb Rate 3 meters/sec Horizontal Stiffness 35 Hold Strength 40 Maximum G 0.3 Position GPS Angle 30° GPS Speed 5 meters/sec Kinematic Mode Off Kinematic Mass 7 Alarm Voltage 3.5 volts Land Voltage 3.2 volts Safe Height 15 meters Autoland Descent Rate -0.8 meters/sec RTH Speed 3 meters/sec Safety Signal Loss Action Land Motion Booting Off Ceiling 118 meters Override Max Ceiling No Range 500 meters Override Max Range No | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 125

APPENDIX B. DATA LOGGING FIELDS FIELD UNITS DESCRIPTION An indexed identifier Reading unitless assigned to data points The number of seconds IMU Time seconds from arming ALTA The date of the reading in Universal Date YYYYMMDD Coordinated Time determined by received GPS signals The Universal Coordinated Time GPS Time HH:MM:SS determined by received GPS signals. GPS determined longitude GPS Longitude degrees * 10^7 multiplied by 10^7 GPS determined latitude GPS Latitude degrees * 10^7 multiplied by 10^7 Height above the WGS84 GPS Height meters reference ellipsoid The ground track of ALTA in GPS Course degrees degrees from true north. The distance ALTA traveled north GPS Position meters from the starting point. A negative North number indicates southward travel. The distance ALTA traveled east GPS Position East meters from the starting point. A negative number indicates westward travel. The distance ALTA traveled above the GPS Position Up meters starting point. A negative number indicates downward travel. GPS Velocity The GPS derived northward meters / second North velocity component of ALTA. The GPS derived eastward GPS Velocity East meters / second velocity component of ALTA. The GPS derived upward GPS Velocity Up meters / second velocity component of ALTA GPS Acceleration meters / second^2 The GPS derived northward acceleration North GPS Acceleration meters / second^2 The GPS derived eastward acceleration East | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 126

GPS Acceleration The GPS derived upward acceleration, meters / second^2 Up without gravitational acceleration IMU Position The IMU derived dead-reckoned meters North distance ALTA has traveled northward The IMU derived dead-reckoned IMU Position East meters distance ALTA has traveled eastward The IMU derived dead-reckoned IMU Position Up meters distance ALTA has traveled upward The IMU derived northward IMU Velocity North meters / second velocity component of ALTA. The IMU derived eastward IMU Velocity East meters / second velocity component of ALTA. The IMU derived upward velocity IMU Velocity Up meters / second component of ALTA. IMU Acceleration meters / second^2 The IMU derived northward acceleration North IMU Acceleration meters / second^2 The IMU derived eastward acceleration East IMU Acceleration The IMU derived upward acceleration, meters / second^2 Up without gravitational acceleration IMU Delay The IMU derived northward Acceleration meters / second^2 acceleration, filtered North IMU Delay The IMU derived eastward meters / second^2 Acceleration East acceleration, filtered The IMU derived roll angle where IMU Roll degrees positive values indicate roll right The IMU derived pitch angle where IMU Pitch degrees positive values indicate pitch up The IMU derived yaw angle where IMU Yaw degrees positive values are eastward and negative values westward The IMU derived roll rate where IMU Roll Rate degrees / second positive values are roll rightward The IMU derived pitch rate where IMU Pitch Rate degrees / second positive values are pitch upward The IMU derived yaw rate where IMU Yaw Rate degrees / second positive values are clockwise looking down on the vehicle | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 127

The IMU derived body acceleration IMU Acceleration g where positive values are in X a forwards direction The IMU derived body acceleration IMU Acceleration g where positive values are in Y a rightwards direction The IMU derived body acceleration IMU Acceleration g where positive values are in an upwards Z direction and excludes gravity A component of a unit magnetic vector Compass X unitless with positive values directed to the front when front is pointing Northward A component of a unit magnetic vector Compass Y unitless with positive values directed to the right when front is pointing Westward A component of a unit magnetic vector with positive values directed Compass Z unitless to down when the underside is pointing Northward The magnetic heading derived Compass Heading degrees from the compass The position control loop set Position meters point in a Northerly direction Command North referenced to take-off location The position control loop set Position meters point in an Easterly direction Command East referenced to take-off location The position control loop set point Position meters in an Upwards direction referenced Command Up to the take-off location Velocity Command The velocity control loop set point meters / second North in an Northwards direction Velocity The velocity control loops set meters / second Command East point in an Eastwards direction Velocity The velocity control loop set meters / second Command Up point in an Upwards direction Acceleration The acceleration control loop set meters / second^2 Command North point in a Northerly direction Acceleration The acceleration control loop set meters / second^2 Command East point in a Easterly direction Acceleration The acceleration control loop set meters / second^2 Command Up point in an Upwards direction | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 128

The roll control loop set point where Roll Command degrees increasing values are roll right The pitch control loop set point where Pitch Command degrees increasing values are pitch up The yaw control loop set point where Yaw Command degrees positive values are for an Easterly heading and negative for Westerly The roll rate control loop set Roll Rate degrees / second point where positive values Command are for rolling rightwards The pitch rate control loop set Pitch Rate degrees / second point where positive values Command are for pitching upwards The yaw rate control loop set point Yaw Rate degrees / second where positive values are rotating Command clockwise looking from the machine top RC pulse width 1000-2000µs where Radio Roll microseconds (µs) increasing values are for roll right RC pulse width 1000-2000µs where Radio Pitch microseconds (µs) increasing values are for pitch up RC pulse width 1000-2000µs Radio Yaw microseconds (µs) where increasing values are for yaw to the right RC pulse width 1000-2000µs Radio Throttle microseconds (µs) where increasing values are for increased throttle RC pulse width 1000-2000µs where values near: Radio Mode microseconds (µs) 1000µs = manual mode 1500µs = height hold 2000µs = height and position hold RC pulse width 1000-2000µs where values near: Radio Home microseconds (µs) 2000µs = Set New Home Position 1500µs = RTH Off 1000µs = Initiate RTH RC pulse width 1000-2000µs Radio Velocity microseconds (µs) where increasing values are for Clamp increased allowable velocity | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 129

RC pulse width 1000-2000µs Radio Climb microseconds (µs) where increasing values are for Rate Clamp increased allowable climb rate RC pulse width 1000-2000µs where values near: Safety Disarm microseconds (µs) 1000µs = Off - Disarming possible 1500µs = Off - Disarming possible 2000µs = On - Disarming not possible RC pulse width 1000-2000µs where values near: Target microseconds (µs) 1000µs = Set Orbit Center Point 1500µs = Orbit Off 2000µs = Orbit On Roll Control unitless Control loop calculation for roll axis Pitch Control unitless Control loop calculation for pitch axis Yaw Control unitless Control loop calculation for yaw axis Climb Control unitless Control loop calculation for lifting thrust Motor Command Scaled 0-1 representing unitless 1-8 demanded thrust from motor revolutions per Motor speed 1-8 Propeller speed at last telemetry update minute (rpm) Bus voltage measured at ESC Motor Voltage 1-8 Volts from last telemetry update Motor field current measured at Motor Current 1-8 Amps ESC from last telemetry update Motor Power 1-8 Watts Measured ESC power consumption Integrated ESC power consumption Motor Energy 1-8 Watt-hours - can be used to compare motor efficiencies or thrust skew High pass filtered RMS vibration level Motor Accel 1-8 unitless measured at ESC - can be used to compare motor / propeller imbalance ESC temperature measured Motor Temp 1-8 °C from last telemetry update ESC fault condition monitor. Motor Status 1-8 bit-field Status 0 indicates no errors. Number of satellites used for GPS Sats integer position calculation by GPS | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 130

Horizontal position accuracy GPS Hacc meters reported by GPS Horizontal speed accuracy GPS Sacc meters / second reported by GPS Indicator of GPS signal jamming GPS Jamming unitless activity with 0 = no jamming Indicator and 255 = strong jamming Main battery voltage measured Voltage Volts by the flight controller Total battery current inferred Current Amps from ESC measurements Integrated battery capacity consumed - to be used in conjunction with battery Capacity Amp-Hours recharge measurements - ascertaining battery health and expected flight times Power Watts Total battery power Integrated battery power - to be used in conjunction with battery recharge Energy Watt-hours measurements - ascertaining battery health and expected flight times 5V Monitor Volts Measured voltage of the 5 volts bus Microcontroller ºC Flight controller PCB temperature Temperature Barometer ºC Barometric sensor temperature Temperature Barometric Height above take-off location meters Altitude derived by pressure measurement Flight controller status 0 - Boot 1 - Alive Status unitless 2 - Rearm 3 - Armed 4 - Flying 5 - Autoland Machine alarm register indicating Fail bitfield particular system failures. Status 0 indicates no failures. GPS Loss Declared if GPS signal is not boolean of Signal adequate for safe position hold | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 131

Radio Loss Indicates complete radio boolean of Signal controller loss of signal Radio A Loss Indicates accumulated loss number of Signal of signal from radio A Radio B Loss Indicates accumulated loss number of Signal of signal from radio B Magnetometer Alarm indicating compass boolean Bad magnitude is corrupted Indicates if the low voltage Battery Flat boolean alarm is active Indicates if the motor Motors Hot boolean temperature alarm is active Status indicating position estimation KF Lock boolean filter has locked (Position Lock) Heading Lock boolean Status indicating heading lock is active Status indicating angle or Attitude Mode register rate control mode Position Mode register Status indicating position control mode Height Mode register Status indicating height control mode Target Mode register Status indicating orbit control mode CRC Failures number Internal communication errors Count of the number of internal I2C Timeouts number I2C communication bus drops Count of the number of failures CAN Fails number within the CAN communication bus Count of the number of failures of Global CAN Fails number the entire CAN communication bus Arbitrary number indicating Gyro Bias R number roll gyro bias Arbitrary number indicating Gyro Bias P number pitch gyro bias Arbitrary number indicating Gyro Bias Y number yaw gyro bias Accel Bias X meters / second^2 Accelerometer X axis bias Accel Bias Y meters / second^2 Accelerometer Y axis bias Accel Bias Z meters / second^2 Accelerometer Z axis bias Extended Status bitfield Status of extended internal alarms 5V Alarm boolean Indicates a failure of the 5 volt bus | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 132

Parameter used for monitoring Z Vibration g the health and control of ALTA Parameter recorded to detect Checksum number errors in data recording | AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANUAL 133